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Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine

ARMSTRONG (Second Series)


Reference code(s): GB 0098 B/ARMSTRONG

Held at: Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine

Title: ARMSTRONG (Second Series)

Date(s): Created 1819-1945

Level of description: Series of Armstrong papers

Extent: 6 boxes

Name of creator(s): Armstrong | Henry Edward | 1848-1937 | chemist and educationalist
Armstrong | Edward Frankland | 1878-1945 | chemist


Administrative/Biographical history:

Henry Edward Armstrong: Born Lewisham, London, 1848; educated at the Royal College of Chemistry, 1865-1867, University of Leipzig, 1867-1870; lecturer, St Batholomew's Hospital, 1870; Professor of Chemistry, London Institution, 1870; elected Fellow of the Royal Society, 1876; Professor of Chemistry at the Cowper Street Schools (later Finsbury Technical College), 1879; Professor of Chemistry, Central Technical College (later the City and Guilds College), 1884-1913; President of the Chemical Society, 1893-1895; Davy medal of the Royal Society, 1911; Professor Emeritus, Imperial College, 1913; died, 1937.
Publications: include: Essays on the Art and Principles of Chemistry, including the first Messel Memorial Lecture (Ernest Benn, London, 1927); Introduction to the Study of Organic Chemistry Second edition (Longmans & Co, London, 1874); The Teaching of Scientific Method, and other papers on education Second edition (Macmillan & Co, London, 1903).

Edward Frankland Armstrong: born Lewisham, London, 1878; educated St Dunstan's College, Royal College of Science, 1895; studied Chemistry at the Central Institution (later City and Guilds College), 1896-1898; student at the Universities of Kiel and Berlin, 1898; awarded PhD, University of Kiel, 1901; Salter's Research Fellow, Central Institution, 1902-1903; Chief Chemist, Huntley and Palmer, 1905; Technical Adviser, later Director, Crosfields, 1914; elected Fellow of the Royal Society, 1920; President of the Society of Chemical Industry, 1922-1924; Managing Director, British Dyestuffs Corporation, 1925-1928; consultant, 1928; President of the Association of British Chemical Manufacturers, 1935; Scientific Adviser to the Ministries of Home Security and Works, 1939-1945; died, 1945.
Publications: The Simple Carbohydrates and the Glucosides Second edition (Longmans & Co, London, 1910); Chemistry in the Twentieth Century (Ernest Benn, London, 1924); Raw Materials from the Sea with Laurence Mackenzie Miall (Constructive Publications, Leicester, [1946]).


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Professor Henry Edward Armstrong and Edward Frankland Armstrong, 1819-1945, comprising personal papers, 1865-1951, including tickets, receipts, autographs, printed material and correspondence of Henry Edward Armstrong relating to Finsbury Technical College and the Central Institution of the City and Guilds Institute (later City and Guilds College), 1884-1885; press-cuttings concerning Edward Frankland Armstrong, 1922;
photographs and prints, 1819-1929, including family photographs; print of the London Institution, 1819;
correspondence, 1864-1945, notably between Edward Frankland and Henry Edward Armstrong, 1899-1911, concerning Edward Frankland Armstrong's studies, their joint research; London Chemical Society, 1872-1938; City and Guilds of London Institute, 1879-1911; Sir William Crookes, 1885-1915; James John Day, [1867]-1869; Sir James Dewar, concerning research and the politics of the Royal Society and Royal Institution, 1893-1920; Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert, 1887-1897; Sir John Bennet Lawes, 1891-1897; Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge, 1884-1935; Sir William Augustus Tilden, 1874-1896; William Palmer Wynne, 1904-1943;
notebooks kept by Henry Edward Armstrong's children of experiments devised by him, 1898.


Language/scripts of material: English, German

System of arrangement:

The papers are arranged in sections as follows; Personalia, photographs, general correspondence, printed material, family notebooks.

Conditions governing access:

Researchers wishing to consult the Archives should first contact the College Archivist, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ, for an appointment.

Conditions governing reproduction:

A photocopying service is available at the discretion of the Archivist. Photocopies are supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Archivist.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

A catalogue is available in the reading room of the College Archives.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

The papers were presented by Miss Nora Armstrong, the daughter of Professor Armstrong, in 1968.


Existence and location of originals:

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

Papers of Henry Edward Armstrong (B/ARMSTRONG), records of the City and Guilds of London Institute (F), Finsbury Technical College (FA) and City and Guilds College (FC-FS), held at Imperial College.

Correspondence with Sir Oliver Lodge, 1885-1932, held at London University, University College Manuscripts Room (reference: MS ADD 89); correspondence with Thomas Martin Lowry, 1925, held at Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives (reference: Add 8678); miscellaneous letters held at the Royal Society.

Publication note:

H. E. Armstrong and the teaching of science, 1880-1930 edited with an introduction by W H Brock (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1973); H. E. Armstrong and science education edited, with an introduction, by G Van Praagh (London, Murray, [1973]); Henry Edward Armstrong, 1848-1937 by John Vargas Eyre (Butterworths Scientific Publications, London, 1958).



Archivist's note: Sources: British Library On-Line Public Access Catalogue 97; National Register of Archives. Compiled by Julie Tancell as part of the RSLP AIM25 project.

Rules or conventions: General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2000

Chemists | Scientists | Scientific personnel | Personnel | People by occupation | People
Chemical research
Science education

Personal names
Armstrong | Edward Frankland | 1878-1945 | chemist
Armstrong | Henry Edward | 1848-1937 | chemist and educationist
Crookes | Sir | William | 1832-1919 | Knight | chemist
Day | James John | fl 1867-1868
Dewar | Sir | James | 1842-1923 | Knight | chemist
Gilbert | Sir | Joseph Henry | 1817-1901 | Knight | agricultural chemist
Lawes | Sir | John Bennet | 1814-1900 | 1st Baronet | agriculturist
Lodge | Sir | Oliver Joseph | 1851-1940 | Knight | physicist
Tilden | Sir | William Augustus | 1842-1926 | Knight | chemist
Wynne | William Palmer | 1861-1950 | chemist

Corporate names
Central Institution of the City and Guilds Institute x City and Guilds College
City and Guilds of London Institute
Finsbury Technical College
London Chemical Society
Royal Institution of Great Britain
Royal Society