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Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine

MELDOLA, Professor Raphael (1849-1915)


Reference code(s): GB 0098 B/MELDOLA

Held at: Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine

Title: MELDOLA, Professor Raphael (1849-1915)

Date(s): Created 1862-1915

Level of description: Collection (fonds)

Extent: 8 box

Name of creator(s): Meldola | Raphael | 1849-1915 | chemist


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born, London, 1849; educated private schools, Royal School of Mines; teaching staff at Royal College of Science, 1872-1873; leader of British Eclipse Expedition to the Nicobar Islands, India, 1875; Demonstrator, Science Schools, 1877-1878; scientific chemist in factories of coal tar dyes, discovered many new products and processes; Professor of Chemistry, Finsbury Technical College, 1885; Society of Arts medallist, 1886, 1901; President, Entomological Society, 1895-1897; President, Chemical Society, 1905-1907, Society of Dyers and Colourists, 1907-1910, Society of Chemical Industry, 1907-1909, Institute of Chemistry, 1912-1915; Professor of Organic Chemistry, University of London, 1912; Davy medal, Royal Society, 1913; Advisory Committee on Chemical Supplies, Board of Trade, 1914; Vice-President, Royal Society, 1914-1915; died, 1915.
Publications: include: Studies in the theory of Descent August Weismann. Translated and edited by R Meldola (Sampson Low & Co, London, 1880-82); Report on the East Anglican Earthquake of April 22nd, 1884 with William White (1885); The Chemistry of Photography (1889); Coal and what we get from it. A romance of applied science (1891); Arnold's Practical Science Manuals editor 3 vol (E Arnold, London, [1897, 98]); The Chemical Synthesis of Vital Products and the inter-relations between organic compounds (Edward Arnold, London, 1904); Chemistry [1913].


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Professor Raphael Meldola, [1866-1907], comprising notes on experiments in qualitative analysis at the Royal College of Chemistry, [1866]; physical lectures by Dr Tyndall, [1867]; course on physics by Dr Guthrie, 1873; notes as a Demonstrator at Science Schools, 1877-1878; research notes, 1879, 1900; diary of eclipse expedition, 1875; lecture notes on organic chemistry, 1885-1890, including coal tar products, 1890; laboratory notes, 1904-1906; correspondence concerning the portrait fund for Sir John Evans, 1899-1900; Perkin Memorial Fund, 1906-1907, including letters from several German chemists; correspondence about a Maccabeans Dinner, 1905; general correspondence, 1862-1915; correspondence concerning a memorial for Herbert Spencer, 1904-1908; and a memorial for James Sylvester, 1897-1900; correspondence on the subject of thinnings in Epping Forest, 1894-1895; a scientific autograph collection, 1864-1907; plus additional autographs and press cuttings 1889-1915.


Language/scripts of material: English, French, German

System of arrangement:

The papers are arranged as outlined in the scope and content.

Conditions governing access:

Researchers wishing to consult the Archives should first contact the College Archivist, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ, for an appointment.

Conditions governing reproduction:

A photocopying service is available at the discretion of the Archivist. Photocopies are supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Archivist.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

A catalogue is available at the College Archives.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Some papers found in the Royal Institute of Chemistry and presented to Imperial College by Dr W Smeaton of University College in 1970. Others transferred from Newham Archives and Local Studies Library 1998.


Existence and location of originals:

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

Records of the Departments of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (KC), papers of Francis Howard Carr (B/CARR), uncatalogued correspondence and papers, 1864-1908, held at Imperial College.

Correspondence and papers, [1878-1913], held at Oxford University Museum of Natural History; correspondence with Charles Robert Darwin (some copies), [1871-1882], held at Oxford University Museum of Natural History.

Publication note:

Raphael Meldola ... Reminiscences of his worth and work by those who knew him, together with a chronological list of his publications Sir James Marchant (Williams & Norgate, London, 1916).



Archivist's note: Sources: Who Was Who (A & C Black, 1953, volume I); National Register of Archives; British Library On-Line Public Access Catalogue 97. Compiled by Julie Tancell as part of the RSLP AIM25 project.

Rules or conventions: General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: December 2000, updated September 2005

Astronomical observatories | Scientific facilities
Organic chemistry | Chemistry
Solar activity | Sun | Solar system | Astronomical systems
Chemical analysis

Personal names
Evans | Sir | John | 1823-1908 | Knight | archaeologist and numismatist
Guthrie | Frederick | 1833-1886 | scientist
Meldola | Raphael | 1849-1915 | chemist
Spencer | Herbert | 1820-1903 | philosopher
Sylvester | James Joseph | 1814-1897 | mathematician
Tyndall | John | 1820-1893 | natural philosopher

Corporate names
Royal College of Chemistry