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ALLIED BREWERIES: IND COOPE BRANCH

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 LMA/4433
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
  Click here to find out how to view this collection at https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/london-metropolitan-archives/Pages/ ›
Full title: ALLIED BREWERIES: IND COOPE BRANCH
Date(s): 1759-1991
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 6 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Allied Breweries Ltd
Ind Coope Ltd | brewers

Context

Administrative/Biographical history:

The Star Inn, High Street, Romford, Essex was established in 1708. In 1799 it was acquired by Edward Ind from George Cardon and a brew house was built on the site. Ind went into partnership with Octavius and George Coope in 1845, Edward Vipan Ind joined the partnership in 1848. They were known as Ind Coope and Company from 1856. Also in 1856 a second brewery opened in Station Street, Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire. Ind Coope and Company Limited was registered as a limited liability company in November 1886. Ind Coope took over numerous other breweries around the country before going into receivership in January 1909. A new company was registered in 1912 named Ind Coope and Company (1912) Limited which obtained certain assets from the receivers and expanded, acquiring several other breweries. In 1922 Ind Coope and Company Limited was removed from the register of companies and in the following year Ind Coope and Company (1912) Limited changed its name to Ind Coope and Company Limited and continued to expand. After acquiring Samuel Allsopp and Sons Limited, High Street, Burton-on-Trent in 1934 the company became known as Ind Coope and Allsopp Limited. In 1959 Ind Coope took over Taylor Walker and Company Limited before changing its name to Ind Coope Limited in the same year.

Ind Coope Tetley Ansell Limited was registered as a limited company in 1961 and was the result of a merger between Ind Coope Limited, Romford, Essex and Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire, Tetley Walker Limited, Leeds, West Yorkshire and Ansells Brewery Limited, Birmingham, West Midlands. In 1963 the company was renamed Allied Breweries Limited. The companies pooled their resources but still functioned independently. In 1968 the Showerings, Vine Products and Whiteways group merged with Allied Breweries.

A new parent company, Allied-Lyons plc was established after the acquisition of J Lyons and Company Limited, a food manufacturing and distribution company. Allied Breweries acquired numerous other companies including Wm Teacher and Sons Limited in 1976, United Rum Merchants Limited in 1984, and the Canadian group Hiram Walker-Gooderham and Worts Limited in 1984, which made Allied Breweries the leading international wines and spirits producer and distributor. This position was reinforced by the acquisition of James Burroughs Distillers in 1989 and the buy-out of Whitbread's 50 per cent holding in the companies joint venture company, European Cellars (Holdings) Limited. During the 1980s Allied Breweries began to fragment with various companies being sold off. The result was Allied Domecq which concentrated on wines and spirits. Allied Breweries pulled out of the brewing business around 1990.

Curtis Nicholson began as The Mile End Distillery Company Limited and subsequently changed it's name to Curtis Distillery Company Limited, then Curtis Nicholson Limited.

The Stepney Brewery was founded in London by Salmon and Hare in 1730. In 1796 John Taylor bought Richard Hare's share in the business and was joined by Issac Walker in 1816 when the business became known as Taylor Walker. In 1889 the business moved from Fore Street, Limehouse, London where it had been since circa 1823, and a new brewery was built at Church Row, Limehouse, London named the Barley Mow Brewery. Taylor Walker and Company Limited was registered as a limited liability company in 1907. Taylor Walker took over numerous other breweries and related companies, notably, the Victoria Wine Company Limited in 1929 and the Cannon Brewery Company Limited in 1930. Taylor Walker was itself acquired by Ind Coope Limited, Romford, Essex and Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire in 1959 and became known as Ind Coope (East Anglia) Limited. The brewery ceased to brew in 1960. Alperton Bottling Company Limited was a subsidiary company to Taylor Walker and Company Limited, as was Pioneer Trading Company Limited.

Cannon Brewery Company Limited was established by Rivers Dickson at 192 St John Street, Clerkenwell, London around 1720. It was named the Cannon Brewery in 1751. The company has operate under various names. By 1798 it was trading under the name John Richard and Rivers Dickson and by 1818 as John Dickson. The brewery was run by Gardner and Company by 1823 and known as William and Philip Gardner from 1828/9. By 1863 the business was owned by George Hanbury and Barclay Field and in 1876 it became the Cannon Brewery Company. It was registered as a limited liability company in January 1895. The Cannon Brewery Company Limited acquired Holt and Company, Marine Brewery, Radcliffe Road, East Ham, London (established circa 1823) in 1913 and Clutterbuck and Company, Stanmore Brewery, Stanmore Hill, Harrow, Middlesex (established circa 1773) in 1923. The Taylor Walker and Company Limited, Limehouse, London acquired the Cannon Brewery Company Limited in 1930 and it became known as Ind Coope (London) Limited in 1960. The brewery ceased to brew in 1955.

Content

Scope and content/abstract:

Records of Ind Coope Ltd, a subsidiary of Allied Breweries Ltd, and records of various companies acquired by Ind Coope before it was acquired by Allied. The collection contains the records of the following companies:

Ind Coope Limited
Curtis Nicholson Limited
Taylor Walker and Company Limited
Cannon Brewery Company Limited
Alperton Bottling Company Limited
Pioneer Trading Company Limited.

Each company collection contains corporate records which can include minutes of meetings, memoranda and articles of association, registers of directors and members and corporate agreements. Some companies, for example Taylor Walker and Company Limited and Cannon Brewery Company Limited, have large collections of premises records including early title deeds and mortgage agreements, schedules of properties and inventories. There are numerous items of interest including an album of Taylor Walker advertising cuttings from 1950s (LMA/4433/C/04/001) and photographs from the official opening of the Alperton Bottling plant in 1951 (LMA/4433/E/01/010).

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:
English

System of arrangement:

The arrangement of the collection has attempted to reflect the nature of the organisation, with parent companies before those which were taken over and subsidiary groups. However, given the complex nature of the Allied Breweries organisational structure there may be discrepancies.

Conditions governing access:

These records are open to public inspection, although records containing personal information may be subject to closure periods.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright rests with the City of London.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at: http://search.lma.gov.uk/opac_lma/index.htm

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Received as a gift in 2002 (B02/091)

Allied Materials

Related material:

LMA/4434 Allied Breweries: Victoria Wine Company Limited and LMA/4435 Allied Breweries: Meux's Brewery branch. See also ACC/2953 for more records of Ind Coope.


Publication note:

See L Richmond and A Turton, The Brewing Industry: A Guide to Historical Records (1990), LMA Library reference 60.43 RIC.

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
July to October 2009

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