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Royal Geographical Society

RAWLINSON, Major General Sir Henry Creswicke (1810-1895)


Reference code(s): GB 0402 HCR

Held at: Royal Geographical Society

Title: RAWLINSON, Major General Sir Henry Creswicke (1810-1895)

Date(s): 1831-1860

Level of description: Collection level

Extent: 5 boxes and 21 files

Name of creator(s): Rawlinson | Sir | Henry Creswicke | 1810-1895 | Knight | 1st Baronet | archaeologist, diplomat and MP | Major General


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born, 1810; entered for the East India Company's service and set out for India, 1827; engaged in reorganising the Persian army, 1833-1839; undertook tours in Susiana and Persian Kurdistan; awarded the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS), 1839; returned to India and was appointed assistant to Sir W. Macnaughton in Afghanistan; political agent for lower Afghanistan, 1842; political agent of the East India Company in Turkish Arabia, 1843; consul in Baghdad, 1844; Fellow of the RGS 1844-1895; RGS Council Member from 1850; Vice-President of the RGS, 1864, 1871, 1872, 1874, and 1875; Conservative MP for Reigate, 1858; MP for Frome, 1865-1868; member of the newly created Council of India, 1858; minister to Persia; died, 1895.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, 1831-1860, including private journals in India and Persia, 1831, 1834, 1836, 1839, 1860; political diaries in Kandahar (first Afghan War) and Baghdad 1841-1843; road report on a journey from Baghdad into Persia with sketches and copies of inscriptions; miscellaneous notebooks and some sketches, Mesopotamia 1843-1850; notebooks containing extracts and notes on the antiquities of Indo-Persia, Central Asia and the Oxus and Babylonia; miscellaneous drafts and notes of official letters and official and personal letters to Rawlinson (Sir Alexander Burnes, General Nott, Sir Willoughby Cotton, Sir William Hay Macnaughten) 1837-1844, chiefly concerned with the first Afghan War; and Parliamentary papers and confidential India Office papers 1869-1893 concerning relations with Russia on the Persian and Afghan frontiers. (300 items).


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:

Accessible via The Foyle Reading Room. Free of charge for Fellows, Members and those with valid academic identification. All other users pay a charge and must bring identification in order to register on arrival.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Photocopying at the discretion of the Archivist, and subject to completion of 'application for copies' form. No reproduction or publication without permission of the RGS-IBG Archivist.

Finding aids:

Box list available in the Foyle Reading Room.



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Deposited at the RGS by Lady Rawlinson.


Related material:

Further letters and manuscripts are to be found with the Observation file, Journal Manuscripts - JMS/9/47, JMS/9/57 - and Correspondence files - RGS/CB2/116, RGS/CB2/331, RGS/CB2/442, RGS/CB2/445, RGS/CB2/487, RGS/CB3/65, RGS/CB3/489, RGS/CB3/642, RGS/CB5/547, RGS/CB6/1320, RGS/CB6/1801, RGS/CB6/1830. Further letters are also located as part of the David Livingstone Collection - DL/4/16, DL/4/18/1, DL/4/18/2.


Archivist's note: Prepared by Archives volunteer using existing finding aids. Revised by Sarah Drewery.
Sources: Oxford DNB; Obit. Geog. Jnl. 1895.

Rules or conventions: ISAD(G) ed.2, name authority NRA.

Date(s) of descriptions: 9th May 2001. Jul 2008.

Anglo-Afghan wars | Wars (events)
Antiquities | Works of art | Arts
Movable cultural property

Personal names
Burnes | Sir | Alexander | 1805-1841 | Knight | explorer | Captain
Cotton | Sir | Willoughby | 1783-1860 | Knight | General
Macnaghten | Sir | William Hay | 1793-1841 | 1st Baronet | Anglo-Indian civil servant
Nott | Sir | William | 1782-1845 | Knight | British military leader | General
Rawlinson | Sir | Henry Creswicke | 1810-1895 | Knight | 1st Baronet | archaeologist, diplomat and MP | Major General

Corporate names
India Office

Afghanistan | Middle East
Baghdad | Iraq | Middle East
India | South Asia
Iran, Islamic Republic | Middle East
Mesopotamia | Middle East
Russia | Eastern Europe
Crimea x Krym
Central Asia