Graphical version

Wiener Library

Third Reich: personal accounts (microfilm)


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 600

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: Third Reich: personal accounts (microfilm)

Date(s): 1945-1955

Level of description: Collection level

Extent: 245 frames

Name of creator(s): Leber | Annelore United States Strategic Bombing Survey


Administrative/Biographical history:

This collection comprises two deposits whose relationship to each other is not known. The first consists of correspondence and reports concerning participants in two famous acts of protest during the Third Reich: the Rosenstrasse Protest in which the (mostly) Aryan partners of a specially segregated group of Jewish prisoners protested at their detention by the Nazis in a former welfare office for the Jewish community in Berlin, 1943; Das Sovjet-Paradies Aktion in which 500 Jews and Germans were arrested, half of whom were subsequently executed for sabotaging an exhibition by the Nazis designed to pour scorn and ridicule on the Soviet Union, 1942.

This first deposit came from Annelore Leber, the former wife of the pre-1933 SPD MP, Julius Leber, who was tortured and murdered by the Nazis in the aftermath of the plot to assassinate Hitler in July 1944. It was donated to the Wiener Library after a meeting between Annelore Leber and Alfred Wiener in Berlin in 1958. The material, which consists mainly of personal accounts of participants, was collated as a result of an advertisement put out in the Berliner Allgemeine Zeitung der Juden in Deutschland, 18 February 1955, asking for eye witness testimonies of these events.

The custodial history of the second deposit is unknown. It consists of transcripts of interrogations of former Nazi military and officials and interviews with anti-Nazi German citizens, by the United States Strategic Bombing Survey (USSBS) Morale Division, June-July 1945. The object of the questioning was to ascertain the morale of the population in the wake of sustained Allied bombing raids.


Scope and content/abstract:

Frames 1-95: Copy reports and correspondence from participants in the Rosenstrasse Protest, Berlin 1943 and the 'Sovjet-Paradies Aktion', Berlin 1942 - Frame 6 includes a list of the members of the 'Baum Gruppe' who were executed.

Frames 96-245: transcript interrogations and interviews with Nazi officials and anti-Nazis regarding the effect on morale of Allied bombing, carried out by the USSBS, Morale Division.


Language/scripts of material: Mostly German

System of arrangement:


Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Physical characteristics:


Finding aids:

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Annelore Leber; unknown


Existence and location of originals:

Wiener Collection, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

Publication note:



Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: November 2007

Aerial bombardment | Air warfare | Warfare | Military engineering
Antifascism | Resistance to oppression | Oppression | Political movements
Defence | State security
German history | European history | National history
Third Reich | Nazism | Totalitarianism | Political doctrines

Personal names

Corporate names
United States Strategic Bombing Survey x USSBS

Berlin | Germany | Western Europe | Europe