Graphical version

Wiener Library

Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten: correspondence and papers (microfilm)


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 609

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten: correspondence and papers (microfilm)

Date(s): 1927-1961

Level of description: collection

Extent: 8 files

Name of creator(s): Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten


Administrative/Biographical history:

The Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten (RjF) was founded in 1919 to combat the resurgence of anti-Semitism during the First World War. From the outset it was both a defence organisation and a veterans' association. It endeavoured to be apolitical but was regarded as assimilationist when compared with other Jewish organisations such as the Zionist Centralverein. It became the second largest German Jewish organisation with 30-40,000 membership at its peak, publishing its own fortnightly newspaper, Der Schild.

By 1924, at its national congress the RjF resolved to include physical training for the young. Athletics and, in particular, boxing were promoted, the latter as a form of self-defence and a means to counter the claim that Jews were weak and cowardly.

As anti-Semitism increased during the Weimar years, links with other non-Jewish veterans' associations decreased. By the time the Nuremberg race laws had been brought into force, any privileges that the Reichsbund might have enjoyed, by virtue of members' service to the fatherland, were gone.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of the Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten, 1927-1961, including correspondence, circulars and papers of the activities of the Westdeutscher Landessportverband which was affiliated to the Sportbund im Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten notably on boxing, tennis and football, the activities of the organisation, and the relationship with other bodies such as the Zionistische Vereinigung für Deutschland and the Deutscher Makkabikreis. Letter from Leo Löwenstein regarding the fallen Jewish soldiers of World War One; press cuttings on fallen Jewish soldiers of World War One, (1930s) and obituaries of Leo Löwenstein. Circulars and other papers of the Sportbund des Reichsbundes jüdischer Frontsoldaten. Issue of Der Schild, 28 Sep 1933.


Language/scripts of material: German

System of arrangement:

Chronological according to subject matter.

Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Physical characteristics:

Use microfilm.

Finding aids:

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Jewish Central Information Office



Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: November 2007

Associations | Organizations
German history | European history | National history
Jews | Religious groups
Sport | Leisure time activities | Leisure
Third Reich | Nazism | Totalitarianism | Political doctrines
War | International conflicts
World War One (1914-1918) | World wars (events) | Wars (events)
World War Two (1939-1945) | World wars (events) | Wars (events)

Personal names
Löwenstein | Leo | 1879-1956 | German physicist and chemist

Corporate names
Deutscher Makkabikreis
Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten x Reich Federation of Jewish Front Soldiers
Westdeutscher Landessportverband
Zionistische Vereinigung für Deutschland

Germany | Western Europe | Europe