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Wiener Library

Grüber, August: report regarding conditions in Dachau concentration camp


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 1226

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: Grüber, August: report regarding conditions in Dachau concentration camp

Date(s): 1936

Level of description: collection

Extent: 1 file

Name of creator(s): Grüber | August | fl 1936


Administrative/Biographical history:

Dachau was a Nazi German concentration camp, and the first one opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (10 miles) northwest of Munich in southern Germany.

Opened on 22 March 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of National Socialist (Nazi) NSDAP party and the Catholic Zentrum party (dissolved at 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, in his capacity as police president of Munich, officially described the camp as 'the first concentration camp for political prisoners.'

Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organisation, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Kommandant Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. He had a separate secure camp near the command centre, which consisted of living quarters, administration, and army camps. Eicke himself became the chief inspector for all concentration camps, responsible for establishing the others according to his model.

In total, over 200,000 prisoners from more than 30 countries were housed in Dachau of which nearly one-third were Jews. 25,613 prisoners are believed to have died in the camp and almost another 10,000 in its subcamps, primarily from disease, malnutrition and suicide.


Scope and content/abstract:

Report by August Grüber on conditions in Dachau concentration camp, 1936, giving a classification of prisoners in the camp also including mention of cabaret evenings replete with reference to jokes about conditions.


Language/scripts of material: German

System of arrangement:


Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Finding aids:

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Jewish Central Information Office



Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: January 2008

Concentration camps | War crimes | Humanitarian law
Holocaust | Genocide | War crimes | Humanitarian law
Jews | Religious groups
Third Reich | Nazism | Totalitarianism | Political doctrines

Personal names
Grüber | August | fl 1936

Corporate names
Dachau concentration camp

Germany | Western Europe | Europe