Graphical version

Wiener Library

Salus, Grete (1910-1995): concentration camp poems


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 1237

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: Salus, Grete (1910-1995): concentration camp poems

Date(s): [1940-1950]

Level of description: Collection level

Extent: 1 file

Name of creator(s): Salus | Grete | 1910-1995 | dance teacher


Administrative/Biographical history:

Grete Salus, nee Gronner, was born in 1910 in Böhmisch-Trübau, today Ceská Trebová, Czech Republic. After schooling she studied at a dance school in Dresden. She moved to Prague with her husband, Dr Fritz Salus, with whom she married in 1934, and taught dance. They were both deported first to Theresienstadt, 1942, then to Auschwitz, 1944. Fritz was murdered shortly after arrival in Auschwitz as Grete discovered after her liberation. She was taken along with 500 other women to Oederan in Saxony, a sub-camp of Flossenbürg, where the women were forced into slave labour in the armaments and and building industries. She was evacuated in April 1945 and returned by train to Theresienstadt, where along with 17,000 other survivors she was liberated by the Red Army.

She returned to Prague for a few years after the war. In 1949, having given birth to her daughter, Nomi, she emigrated to Israel where she ended up working as a choreographer and gymnastics teacher at a home for orphans from the Holocaust. She died in 1995.


Scope and content/abstract:

Collection of typescript poems of Grete Salus, written whilst in the camps of Terezin, Auschwitz and Oederan.


Language/scripts of material: German

System of arrangement:


Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Grete Salus


Related material:

Publication note:

Niemand, Nichts- ein Jude, Salus, Grete, Darmstaedter Blaetter, Darmstadt, 1981.


Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: February 2008

Concentration camps | War crimes | Humanitarian law
Holocaust | Genocide | War crimes | Humanitarian law
Jews | Religious groups
Poetry | Literary forms and genres | Literature
Third Reich | Nazism | Totalitarianism | Political doctrines

Personal names
Salus | Grete | 1910-1995 | dance teacher

Corporate names
Auschwitz concentration camp
Oederan concentration camp
Theresienstadt concentration camp x Terezin

Czech Republic | Eastern Europe
Germany | Western Europe | Europe
Poland | Eastern Europe