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Wiener Library

International Auschwitz Committee: Correspondence and papers


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 1281

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: International Auschwitz Committee: Correspondence and papers

Date(s): 1959

Level of description: collection

Extent: 1 file

Name of creator(s): International Auschwitz Committee


Administrative/Biographical history:

The Internationale Auschwitz Komitee (IAK) was founded in 1952 by former inmates of the death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, with the following aims: to bear witness to the crimes of the Nazis in the camp; to fight for compensation for former inmates and their families; to work with the Auschwitz Museum to preserve the site of the camp as a permanent memorial. The IAK became involved in the gathering of statements and testimony against former camp guards and other Nazi personnel. Many of the witnesses who provided testimony later took part in the 'Frankfurt Trial' of perpetrators at Auschwitz.

Hermann Langbein (1912-1995), secretary of the International Auschwitz Committee was an Austrian who fought in the Spanish Civil War with the International Brigades for the Spanish Republicans against the Nationalists under Francisco Franco. He was interned in France after the end of the Spanish Civil War, and then sent to German concentration camps after the fall of France in 1940. Over the next few years he was imprisoned in several different camps (Dachau, Auschwitz and others). He was among the leadership of the International Resistance groups in the camps he was held in. After 1945 he was General Secretary of the International Auschwitz Committee, and later Secretary of the 'Comite' Internationale des Camps'. Hermann Langbein was among those awarded the Righteous Among the Nations status by Yad Vashem.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of the Internationale Auschwitz Komitee (IAK), 1959, comprising short statements from former inmates at Auschwitz and correspondence between the IAK (including Hermann Langbein, secretary) and other organisations regarding the prosecution of perpetrators at Auschwitz, including Josef Mengele, Adolf Heinz Beckerle, Josef Klehr, Hermann Krumey, Adolf Eichmann and Paul Kümmel.


Language/scripts of material: German

System of arrangement:


Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Finding aids:

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Hermann Langbein


Related material:

Ref: 1173


Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: February 2008

Concentration camps | War crimes | Humanitarian law
Holocaust | Genocide | War crimes | Humanitarian law
Jews | Religious groups
Nazism | Totalitarianism | Political doctrines
World War Two (1939-1945) | World wars (events) | Wars (events)

Personal names
Eichmann | Karl Adolf | 1906-1962 | Nazi
Krumy | Hermann | fl 1939-1959 | chemist
Langbein | Hermann | 1912-1995 | secretary of the International Auschwitz Committee
Mengele | Josef | 1911-1979 | physician in Auschwitz

Corporate names
Auschwitz concentration camp

Poland | Eastern Europe