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Wiener Library

Schwarzheide concentration camp: Documents regarding bombing


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 1415

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: Schwarzheide concentration camp: Documents regarding bombing

Date(s): 1990s

Level of description: collection

Extent: 1 file

Name of creator(s): Bright | Frank | fl 1990s


Administrative/Biographical history:

Schwarzheide concentration camp, 50 km north of Dresden, a sub-camp of Sachsenhausen, was established in July 1944 initially to house 1000 Jewish slave labourers who were to work in the Braunkohlen-Benzinwerkes (Brabag) nearby. Such was the importance of this factory to the German war effort that it had been bombed on several occasions and for the whole of June 1944 was completely put out of action. Once the complex had recovered from this last assault, preparations were made to transfer inmates from Auschwitz, who had all lost their families in the aftermath of the liquidation of the so-called 'Familienlager' in Theresienstadt. Several inmates from Sachsenhausen had been sent over to fill posts of responsibility to administer the camp. It was a brutal regime, in which many inmates were worked to death. In addition many died or were injured as a result of Allied bombing attacks, mainly because they were not evacuated or given protection during air raids.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Schwarzheide concentration camp, 1990s, comprise copies of documentation regarding its bombing, including various short articles on the subject; details of the units employed in the bombing raids; maps of the camp and environs and correspondence with archives regarding relevant holdings.


Language/scripts of material: German and English

System of arrangement:

Arranged in original order.

Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Finding aids:

Description exists to this archive on the Wiener Library's online catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Deposited by Frank Bright.



Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Howard Falksohn.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: March 2008

Aerial bombardment | Air warfare | Warfare | Military engineering
Concentration camps | War crimes | Humanitarian law
World War Two (1939-1945) | World wars (events) | Wars (events)

Personal names

Corporate names
Schwarzheide concentration camp