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Wiener Library

Reichsvereingung der Juden in Deutschland and Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 605

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: Reichsvereingung der Juden in Deutschland and Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland

Date(s): 1937-1950s

Level of description: collection

Extent: 1 folder

Name of creator(s): Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland
Reischsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland


Administrative/Biographical history:

The Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland was founded in 1933 and became the Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden in 1935, and later the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland in 1939. It came into being shortly after the Nazi seizure of power as the successor to the Reichsvertretung der jüdischen Landesverbände, a loose federation of Jewish organisations in Germany. Its main objective was to deal with the serious problems facing German Jewry from the new, antisemitic regime.

Rabbi Leo Baeck was elected president, and the driving force in the organisation was its chief executive officer, Otto Hirsch. The organisation's activities were to include all aspects of the internal life of the Jews of Germany, and it was to act as their representative before the authorities as well as Jewish organisations abroad. Its main spheres of operation, conducted through the Zentralausschuss der Deutschen Juden für Hilfe und Aufbau (Central Committee of German Jews for aid and reconstruction) were education, vocational training, support for the needy, economic assistance, and emigration.

The Reischsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (Reich Organisation of German Jews) came into being in February 1939 and, as far as its leadership and basic purposes was concerned, was a continuation of its predecessor, the Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland. As a result of the intensification of the Third Reich's anti-semitic policies, its aims were increasingly linked to Jewish survival, and in particular, emigration. It was put under the control of the Ministry of the Interior, in practice the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Security Main Office). It was the only organisation in Germany dealing with Jewish survival until its liquidation in July 1943 when its leaders, Leo Baeck and Paul Eppstein were deported to Theresienstadt.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland and Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland, 1937-1950s, comprising correspondence; press cuttings and reports and papers providing statistical data on the Jewish population in Germany, with particular reference to the expropriation of Jewish property.


Language/scripts of material: German

System of arrangement:

Original order

Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

Detailed description on the Wiener Library's online catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Jewish Central Information Office



Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Sarah Drewery.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: Mar 2008

Antisemitism | Racial discrimination
Jews | Religious groups
Right to property | Civil and political rights | Human rights
Third Reich | Nazism | Totalitarianism | Political doctrines

Personal names

Corporate names
Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland (Reich Agency for Jews in Germany) x Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland

Germany | Western Europe | Europe