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Wiener Library

von Schirach, Baldur: speeches (1940-1945)


Reference code(s): GB 1556 WL 793

Held at: Wiener Library

Title: von Schirach, Baldur: speeches (1940-1945)

Date(s): 1940-1945

Level of description: collection

Extent: 1 folder

Name of creator(s): Schirach | Baldur Benedikt | von | 1907-1974 | Nazi


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born 1907; member of the Nazi party, 1925; leader of the Nationalsozialistischen Deutschen Studentenbund (NSDStB, National Socialist German Students' League), 1928; Reichsjugendführer (youth leader) in the Nazi party, 1931; head of the Hitler Youth (Hitlerjugend) and given an SA rank of Gruppenführer, 1933; state secretary, 1936; organized the evacuation of 5 million children from cities threatened by Allied bombing, 1940; joined the army and served in France, 1940; Governor of the Reichsgau, Vienna, 1940-1945, responsible for moving Jews from Vienna to concentration camps in Poland; found guilty, 1 Oct 1946, of 'crimes against humanity' for his deportation of the Viennese Jews. He was sentenced and served 20 years as a prisoner in Spandau Prison; released 1966; died 1974.


Scope and content/abstract:

Copies of transcriptions of speeches made by Baldur von Schirach, dealing mainly with youth in Nazi Germany, 19 Apr 1940-20 Dec 1944. Each speech was subsequently checked and edited by Mia Thiel Hansen in the employ of the BBC, 19 Nov 1945. An original certificate of authentication signed by Mia Thiel Hansen is enclosed with each speech. Speeches include speech on behalf of the Hitler Youth congratulating Hitler, 19 Apr 1940; speech in which Schirach replies to President Franklin D Roosevelt and attacks him, particularly on youth employment, education and health, 4 Sep 1942; speech in which Schirach replies to Roosevelt, claiming to be partly of American descent, including a strong personal attack on Roosevelt and eulogies on Hitler, 5 Sep 1942; speech attacking Roosevelt for the Visits Foundation of European Youth League in Vienna, hosted by Italy and Germany, 14 Sep 1942; address to volunteers of the Tank Grenade Division in which he exhorts 'the traitors shall fall and the nation shall conquer' (after the July 1944 plot to assassinate Hitler), 7 Aug 1944 and broadcasts on the evacuation of children, 20 Dec 1944.


Language/scripts of material: English and German

System of arrangement:

Original order

Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies can be made for personal use. Permission must be sought for publication.

Finding aids:

Detailed description on the Wiener Library's online catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Jewish Central Information Office



Archivist's note: Entry compiled by Sarah Drewery.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: Mar 2008

Children | Childhood | Age groups | Age distribution
Propaganda | Persuasion | Communication process
Speeches | Literary forms and genres | Literature
Third Reich | Nazism | Totalitarianism | Political doctrines
World War Two (1939-1945) | World wars (events) | Wars (events)
Youth organizations | Associations | Organizations

Personal names
Roosevelt | Franklin Delano | 1882-1945 | US President
Schirach | Baldur Benedikt | von | 1907-1974 | Nazi

Corporate names
BBC | British Broadcasting Corporation
Hitler Youth

Vienna | Austria | Western Europe | Europe