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Westminster Diocesan Archives

VAUGHAN, Cardinal Herbert Alfred (1832-1903): Archbishop of Westminster


Reference code(s): GB 0122 V

Held at: Westminster Diocesan Archives

Title: VAUGHAN, Cardinal Herbert Alfred (1832-1903): Archbishop of Westminster

Date(s): 1851-1910

Level of description: Collection (fonds)

Extent: 11 boxes

Name of creator(s): Vaughan | Herbert Alfred Henry Joseph Thomas | 1832-1903 | Cardinal-Archbishop of Westminster


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born Gloucester 1832 of an ancient family, the Vaughans of Courtfield. His mother was a convert. Five of her seven sons became priests and all six daughters became nuns. He was educated at Stonyhurst and the Jesuit College of Brugelette in Belgium. At the age of 19, he attended the Accademia in Rome where he met Manning. His health was not good so he was ordained early at 22 and Wiseman appointed him to St Edmund's College, Ware, as Vice-Rector.

He started with vision the great Missionary College of Mill Hill and toured widely in the USA to raise funds for it. He bought The Tablet and edited it for a time. In 1870 at the age of 40 he was made Bishop of Salford; Archbishop of Westminster 1892-1903; Created Cardinal Priest of Santi Andrea e Gregorio Magno on 16 Jan 1893. His titular Church was St Andrew and St Gregory on the Coelian Hill.

In 1895 he laid the foundation stone of Westminster Cathedral, desiring that the Benedictines should regularly sing Office there. He founded the Crusade of Rescue for needy children. He wrote The Young Priest. He died in 1903 aged 71.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Cardinal Vaughan, 1851-1910, including correspondence on topics including the visitation of parochial churches of Regulars (Benedictines and Jesuits), 1875-1885; the Donelan case (Cambridge University hostel), 1894-1901 and Anglican Orders, 1894-1901. Correspondents include, among others, Cardinal James Gibbons, Baltimore; John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute; Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk; George Forrest Browne, Anglican Bishop of Stepney; Bishop William Clifford; Bishop William Ullathorne; the Earl of Halifax; Bishop Robert Brindle; Lord Acton and Rafael Merry del Val. Also, notes on the foundation of St Joseph's, Mill Hill, 1851-1866; press cuttings; Vaughan's diaries, 1853-1881, covering visits to Rome, American tours and early Salford days; ordo recitandi and directories, 1873-1880 and 1882-1902.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Arranged in 5 sections.

Conditions governing access:

Open for consultation by appointment only between 12:00-5:00, Mondays and Wednesdays. Call: 0207 938 3580 or email: for appointments.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies, subject to condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only on the undertaking of a copyright declaration. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Westminster Roman Cathlic Diocesan Trustees.

Finding aids:

Hand list is available in the Archives reading room.



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Received by the Archive from Archbishop's House.



Archivist's note: Compiled by Sarah Drewery.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: Sep 2008

Anglicanism | Protestantism | Christianity | Ancient religions | Religions
Benedictine order | Religious communities | Religious institutions
Missionary societies | Religious organizations | Religious institutions
Society of Jesus | Religious communities | Religious institutions
Jesuits x Society of Jesus

Personal names
Acton | John Emerich Edward | Dalberg- | 1834-1902 | 1st Baron Acton
Brindle | Robert | d 1916 | Roman Catholic Bishop
Browne | George Forrest | 1833-1930 | Bishop of Stepney
Clifford | William Hugh Joseph | 1823-1893 | Bishop of Clifton
del Val | Rafael Merry | 1865-1930 | Cardinal
Gibbons | James | 1834-1921 | Roman Catholic Archbishop of Baltimore
Howard | Henry | Fitzalan- | 1847-1917 | 15th Duke of Norfolk
Stuart | John | Crichton- | 1847-1900 | 3rd Marquess of Bute
Ullathorne | William Bernard | 1806-1889 | Roman Catholic bishop

Corporate names
Roman Catholic Church
St. Joseph's Missionary Society | Mill Hill
Vatican x Holy See

London | England | UK | Western Europe | Europe
Rome | Italy | Western Europe | Europe
Salford | Lancashire | England | UK | Western Europe | Europe
USA | North America