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National Maritime Museum

Gower, Admiral Sir Erasmus (1742-1814)


Reference code(s): GB 0064 GOW

Held at: National Maritime Museum

Title: Gower, Admiral Sir Erasmus (1742-1814)

Date(s): [1792-1801]

Level of description: Collection

Extent: 1ft; 31cm

Name of creator(s): Gower | Sir | Erasmus | 1742-1814 | Knight | Admiral


Administrative/Biographical history:

Gower entered the Navy in 1755. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1762 and took part in two voyages of circumnavigation early in his career. He was promoted to captain in 1780 and served on the East Indies and Newfoundland stations. In 1792 he was appointed to command the LION in which he took the embassy of Earl Macartney (1737-1806) to China In November 1794, he was appointed to command the TRIUMPH and was with Admiral Sir William Cornwallis (q.v.) during the 'Cornwallis retreat' in 1795. He was involved in the mutiny at the Nore when he commanded the NEPTUNE, one of the ships commissioned for the defence of the Thames, and continued to serve in her, in the Channel Fleet, until his promotion to rear-admiral in 1799. In 1804 Gower became a vice-admiral and in 1809 an admiral.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Sir Erasmus Gower, consisting of a log, 1792 to 1794, with one watercolour sketch; two volumes of 'Nautical Observations on a Voyage to China', illustrated with views of coasts and harbours; a letterbook, 1794 to 1798, and a signal notebook, 1801.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Finding aids:

Detailed catalogue online at the: National Maritime Museum website .


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

The papers were purchased at Sotheby's in 1955 from Mrs Pedler, daughter of Brigadier C J Hawker, together with some papers of Admiral Edward Hawker (q.v.) and Vice-Admiral Charles Boyles (q.v.).



Archivist's note: Edited by Sarah Drewery, Jun 2011.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: 2010-08-26

Naval operations | Military operations | Military engineering
Ships | Vehicles | Transport
Watercolour painting | Painting | Fine arts

Personal names
Gower | Sir | Erasmus | 1742-1814 | Knight | Admiral

Corporate names
HMS Lion
Royal Navy

China | East Asia