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National Maritime Museum

Christian, Sir Hugh Cloberry (1747-1798)


Reference code(s): GB 0064 CHN/1-9

Held at: National Maritime Museum

Title: Christian, Sir Hugh Cloberry (1747-1798)

Date(s): 1797-1798

Level of description: sub-fonds

Extent: 9 Folders

Name of creator(s): Christian | Sir | Hugh Cloberry | 1747-1798 | Knight | Rear Admiral


Administrative/Biographical history:

Sir Hugh Cloberry Christian, father of Hood Hanway Christian (q.v), entered the navy in c 1761, being promoted to Lieutenant in 1771. Serving mostly in the Channel and Mediterranean, in 1778 he was appointed Captain of HMS SUFFOLK, which carried Commodore Rowley's broad pennant to North America, seeing action of Grenada in 1779 and Martinique in 1780. Moving on to the HMS FORTUNEE he participated in the actions off the Chesapeake, 1781, St Kitts and Dominica in 1782. He returned home during the peace, and didn't find employment again until 1790, as second captain on board the HMS QUEEN CHARLOTTE with Lord Howe. In 1795 he was advanced to Rear-Admiral of the Blue, and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the West Indies Station, with his flag in the HMS PRINCE GEORGE, but the fleet was scattered in a storm and limped back to Spithead. He didn't arrive in Barbados until April 1796, having been invested with the Order of the Bath, where he undertook the conquest of St. Lucia with Sir Ralph Abercromby. In 1797 he was sent to the Cape of Good Hope as second in command, being promoted to commander-in-chief in 1798, a few months before his death.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Sir Hugh Cloberry Christian relating to his period as Commander-in Chief of the Cape of Good Hope station. They include correspondence regarding the general running of the station with the Governer of the Cape of Good Hope, George, 1st Earl Macartney, as well as letters with news on the war at home from Admiral Sir Richard Strachan, and the Controller of the Navy, Sir Andrew Snape Hamond. There is also an interesting section of letters relating to the mutiny on board the East Indiaman PRINCESS CHARLOTTE.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Finding aids:

Detailed catalogue online at the: National Maritime Museum website .


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

The papers were purchased by the Museum in 1978.



Archivist's note: Edited by Sarah Drewery, Jun 2011.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: 2010-08-26

Maritime warfare | Warfare | Military engineering
Mutiny | Crime
Naval operations | Military operations | Military engineering

Personal names
Christian | Sir | Hugh Cloberry | 1747-1798 | Knight | Rear Admiral
Hamond | Sir | Andrew Snape | d 1874 | 3rd Baronet | naval officer
Macartney | George | 1737-1806 | 1st Earl Macartney | diplomat
Strachan | Sir | Richard John | 1760-1828 | Knight | Admiral

Corporate names
Royal Navy

Cape of Good Hope | Province of the Western Cape | South Africa | Southern Africa