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National Maritime Museum

Hood, Vice Admiral Sir Samuel, 1st Bt. (1762-1814)


Reference code(s): GB 0064 MKH/101-252

Held at: National Maritime Museum

Title: Hood, Vice Admiral Sir Samuel, 1st Bt. (1762-1814)

Date(s): [1745-1817]

Level of description: sub-fonds

Extent: 5ft; 152cm

Name of creator(s): Hood | Sir | Samuel | 1762-1814 | 1st Baronet | Vice Admiral


Administrative/Biographical history:

Samuel Hood, younger brother of Captain Alexander Hood, entered the Navy in 1776 and was promoted to lieutenant in 1780. For most of the American War he served in the West Indies and afterwards was employed in North America. He was promoted to captain in 1788. In 1793 he went in the JUNO to the Mediterranean where he was present at the occupation of Toulon. In 1798 he commanded the ZEALOUS, and after the battle of the Nile was left by Nelson to command the force blockading the French army in Egypt. The next year he was at the defence of Salerno and in 1800 in the Atlantic in the COURAGEUX. In 1801 he was again in the Mediterranean, and during the peace was sent out as a Commissioner for the government of Trinidad. On the death of the Commander-in-Chief, Leeward Islands, he succeeded to the position in the CONTOUR. Returning to England in 1805, he served in the Channel and lost an arm in a successful squadron action off Rochefort. From 1806 to 1807 he was Member of Parliament for Westminster and from 1807 to 1812 for Bridport. He was promoted to rear-admiral in 1807, and in the same year was at Copenhagen, still in the CONTOUR; he was then second-in-command to Admiral Saumarez (1757-1836) in the Baltic when he played an important part in assisting the Swedes against the Russians. He next covered the re-embarkation of the army at Corunna in 1809, after which he returned to the Mediterranean. He was appointed vice-admiral and Commander-in-Chief, East Indies, in 1811, and after a comparatively uneventful command died of fever in Madras.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Samuel Hood comprising letter and order books, 1794 to 1795, 1806, 1808 to 1809; signals and instructions, 1790 to 1791; and logs, 1806 to 1814. The large section of papers relating to the East Indian command includes letters from the Admiralty, Victualling and Transport Boards, as well as copies of correspondence with Sir Stamford Raffles (1781-1826). In addition there are extracts from logs of ships on the East Indies Station during Hood's command, including the MODESTE, 1810; HESPER, 1810; HMS CORNELIA, 1811; DORIS, 1811; PHAETON, 1812; HECATE, 1813; SALSETTE, 1813 to 1814. Finally, there are a number of Hood family papers, 1745 to 1817.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Finding aids:

Detailed catalogue online at the: National Maritime Museum website .


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

The papers form the major part of the collection presented by Commander Mackinnon in 1952. There was a further donation in 1957.



Archivist's note: Edited by Sarah Drewery, Jul 2011.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: 2010-11-16

Naval affairs | Military affairs | Military science | Social sciences
Ships logs | Primary documents | Documents | Information sources

Personal names
Hood | Sir | Samuel | 1762-1814 | 1st Baronet | Vice Admiral
Raffles | Sir | Thomas Stamford | 1781-1826 | Knight | colonial administrator

Corporate names
HMS Cornelia
HMS Doris
HMS Hecate
HMS Hesper
HMS Modeste
HMS Phaeton
HMS Salsette

East Indies | South East Asia