Graphical version

National Maritime Museum

Holland, Vice-Admiral Lancelot Ernest (1887-1941)


Reference code(s): GB 0064 HOL

Held at: National Maritime Museum

Title: Holland, Vice-Admiral Lancelot Ernest (1887-1941)

Date(s): 1689-1936

Level of description: Collection

Extent: 3 1/2ft: 107cm

Name of creator(s): Various


Administrative/Biographical history:

Vice-Admiral Lancelot Ernest Holland (1887-1941) was lost with the HOOD in 1941.


Scope and content/abstract:

The collection contains material dating from 1689 to 1936, although the bulk of it is eighteenth century. There are fifty-eight printed and manuscript volumes and four documents; the majority are English, but some are French and Dutch. They consist of signal books, fighting instructions, convoy instructions, books on the theory of signalling and sheets of private signals. There are also three mid-nineteenth-century merchant shipping volumes. There are a number of French, English and Dutch sailing and fighting instructions, 1689 to 1693; the majority of these are French and were issued by the Comte de Tourville (1642-1701). Also in French are sheets of additional signals, orders of battle, some printed and some manuscript, for this period. The eighteenth-century volumes include sailing and fighting instructions and signal books for the Seven Years War; among them are printed instructions issued in 1760 by Admiral Charles Saunders (1713?-1775), and signals issued in 1759 by the Marquis de Conflans. Examples from the American Revolutionary War include signals issued by Lord Howe, 1776, 1782; by Rear-Admiral Richard Kempenfelt (1718-1782), 1782; a signal book by Lieutenant (later Admiral) Sir Charles Henry Knowles (1754-1831), printed in 1778; and a manuscript signal book used by the fleet under the command of Le Comte de Guichen (1712-1790) in 1781; this uses a tabular system with thirteen flags to each side of the table.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Please contact the Archive for further information.

Finding aids:

Detailed catalogue online at the: National Maritime Museum website .


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Holland bequeathed his collection of volumes and documents of signals of the Royal Navy and foreign navies to the Museum.



Archivist's note: Edited by Sarah Drewery, Jul 2011.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: 2010-08-26

American War of Independence (1775-1783) | Wars (events)
Naval operations | Military operations | Military engineering
Seven Years War (1756-1763) | World wars (events) | Wars (events)

Personal names
BouŽxic | Luc Urbain | de | 1712-1790 | comte de Guichen | French admiral
Cotentin | Anne Hilarion | de | 1642-1701 | Comte de Tourville | French naval commander
Howe | Richard | 1726-1799 | Earl Howe | Admiral of the Fleet
Kempenfelt | Richard | 1718-1782 | Rear Admiral
Knowles | Sir | Charles Henry | 1754-1831 | 2nd Baronet | Admiral

Corporate names
Royal Navy