Reference code(s): GB 0102 MS 18945
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies
Title: Dundas, Henry and Robert Saunders
Date(s): Created 1792-1812
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 1 box
Name of creator(s): Dundas | Henry | 1742-1811 | 1st Viscount Melville | Scots statesman
Dundas | Robert Saunders | 1771-1851 | 2nd Viscount Melville | Scots statesman
Henry Dundas was born 28 April 1742. He was educated at Edinburgh High School and Edinburgh University and was admitted as a member of the Faculty of Advocates in 1763. His family connections and skills as a public orator ensured him a thriving business as a barrister and at the age of twenty-four he was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland. From October 1774-1790 Henry Dundas served as a member of the House of Commons and in 1775 he was appointed Lord Advocate, a post he held until 1783.
Henry Dundas' links with India began in April 1781 when he was appointed chairman of a secret committee on the war in the Carnatic and British possessions in India. The following year Dundas was appointed Minister Treasurer of the Navy, entered the Privy Council and took the office of the Keeper of the Scotch Signet. Although Dundas lost his job as Minister Treasurer of the Navy in 1783 he was made a member of the Board of Control for India in 1784 and became its President from 1793-1802. During this period he held a number of other political appointments most notably from 1791-1794 as Home Secretary, during which he defended the East India Company as Secretary of War in 1794 and as Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland in 1800. He was created Viscount Melville in 1802 and was First Lord of the Admiralty from May 1804-1805. It was following this appointment that he was accused of using monies for purposes other than the Navy. In June 1805 he was called upon to defend himself in the House of Commons and there was some debate over whether he should stand trial or face impeachment. The impeachment before the House of Lords took place in April 1806 and eventually Dundas was acquitted of all charges. He never again held public office and died on 28 May 1811.
Robert Saunders Dundas (1771-1851) was the only son of Henry Dundas. He too was educated at Edinburgh High School and entered Parliament in 1797 as MP for Hastings. He then acted as private secretary to his father until 1801. In 1807 he was appointed to the Privy Council and in April of that year, following in his father's footsteps, he became the President of the Board of Control. From 1812-1827 he was first Lord of the Admiralty, and again from 1828-1830. Like his father Robert Dundas also held a number of important appointments in Scotland, including Governor of the Bank of Scotland. From 1814 he was Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews and in 1821 became a Knight of the Thistle. He died on 10 June 1851.
Scope and content/abstract:
Papers, 1792-1812, of members of the Dundas family, comprising 10 letters to Henry Dundas (1792-1799) and 132 letters and memoranda to Robert Saunders Dundas (1807-1812), the majority of which are concerned with the appointment and behaviour of officers serving in India alongside the East India Company.
ACCESS AND USE
Language/scripts of material: English
System of arrangement:
The material is arranged in chronological order.
Conditions governing access:
Conditions governing reproduction:
No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:
Immediate source of acquisition:
The private papers of Henry Dundas were broken up and sold at Sotheby's in 1924. The School purchased this collection of papers in 1926.
Existence and location of originals:
Existence and location of copies:
There is a large volume of political papers including correspondence held in local, national and international repositories. Please see HMC Papers of British Colonial Governors 1782-1900 (1986) for further details. Those with direct associations with the material held at SOAS are: family correspondence (1768-1811) held at the National Archives of Scotland (Ref: GD235/8, 10); correspondence and papers relating to India held at Manchester University, John Rylands Library (Ref: Eng MSS 523, 670-99, 926-7); correspondence and papers (1793-1796) held at the British Library, Oriental and India Office Collections (Ref: MSS Eur C 436); papers relating to the East India Company (1783-1810) held at Oxford University, Bodleian Library, Department of Western Manuscripts (Ref: MSS Eng misc a 25, b 345-46). See also the National Register of Archives.
Date(s) of descriptions: 15 May 2000