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Wellcome Library

Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research


Reference code(s): GB 0120 WA/BSR

Held at: Wellcome Library

Title: Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research

Date(s): 1913-1939

Level of description: Collection (fonds)

Extent: 55 boxes

Name of creator(s): Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research


Administrative/Biographical history:

In 1913 the Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research (WBSR) was established and Andrew Balfour appointed as Director-in-Chief.

Balfour was also President of the Medical Advisory Committee of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, and from 1914-1918 the WBSR co-operated with the Army Medical Department.

In 1920 the WBSR moved to Endsleigh Gardens, Euston Road and in 1923 Charles Morley Wenyon was appointed Director after Balfour left to become Director of London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

In 1944 Wenyon retired and Charles Halliley Kellaway was appointed as Director. WBSR and Wellcome Chemical Research Laboritories (WCRL) combine to form the Wellcome Laboratories of Tropical Medicine (WLTM).


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of the Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research (WBSR), 1913-1939, comprising reports, administrative records, correspondence and publications. Including papers relating to the Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories (WCRL), Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories (WPRL), Wellcome Museum of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Wellcome Entomological Field Laboratories (WEFL), and Burrough's Wellcome and Co. Also containing papers of Andrew Balfour and papers of Charles Morley Wenyon.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement:

The collection is divided into sections as follows:


WA/BSR/RP/Bal Balfour Reports 1913-1922

WA/BSR/RP/Wen Wenyon Reports 1924-1935


WA/BSR/BA/Cor General correspondence files 1913-1922

WA/BSR/Cor/A. Early series 1913-1919

WA/BSR/Cor/B. Later series 1919-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Sci Scientific work and tours 1913-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Sci/A. Administration 1914-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Sci/B. South American Expedition 1914

WA/BSR/BA/Sci/C. Tropical medicine research 1913-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Sci/D. 'Plant investigations' 1918-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Sci/E. Mauritius Tour 1920-1921

WA/BSR/BA/Sci/F. Balfour publications 1914-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Isa Institutions, societies and associations 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Pub Publications 1914-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Pub/A. General 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Pub/B. 'Medical History of the War' 1917-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Pub/C. 'Practice of Medicine in the Tropics' 1918-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Pub/D. 'War Against Tropical Diseases' 1919-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Pub/E. Other 1915-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Adm Administration 1913-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Adm/A. General c 1913-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Adm/B. Financial 1914-192

WA/BSR/BA/Adm/C. Property 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Adm/D. Library 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Sta Staff files 1914-1925

WA/BSR/BA/Sta/A. General 1914-1925

WA/BSR/BA/Sta/B. Alphabetical sequence 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Crl Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Crl/A. Monthly reports 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Prl Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Prl/A. Monthly reports 1914-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Trl Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories 1904-1911

WA/BSR/BA/Mtm Wellcome Museum of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1913-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Efl Wellcome Entomological Field Laboratories 1919-1923

WA/BSR/BA/Efl/A. Monthly reports 1920-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Efl/B. Correspondence 1919-1922

WA/BSR/BA/Efl/C. Other 1920-1923


WA/BSR/LA/Sci Scientific and Technical Committee 1925-1933

WA/BSR/LA/Bwc Burrough's Wellcome and Co correspondence 1925-1931

WA/BSR/LA/Sta Staff recruitment 1923-1939

WA/BSR/LA/End Endsleigh Gardens: Re-opening ceremony 1926

WA/BSR/LA/Wen CM Wenyon's papers c.1926-1932

WA/BSR/LA/Odd? Odd files looking for a home?


WA/BSR/PB/Vol Volumes 1917-1927

WA/BSR/PB/Rep Staff reprints 1928-1938

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/A. 1928

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/B. 1929

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/C. 1920

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/D. 1931

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/E. 1932

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/F. 1933

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/G. 1934

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/H. 1935

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/J. 1936

WA/BSR/PB/Rep/K. 1937-1938

Conditions governing access:

The papers are available subject to the usual conditions of access to Archives and Manuscripts material, after the completion of a Reader's Undertaking.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Photocopies/photographs/microfilm are supplied for private research only at the Archivist's discretion. Please note that material may be unsuitable for copying on conservation grounds, and that photographs cannot be photocopied in any circumstances. Readers are restricted to 100 photocopies in twelve months. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner.

Finding aids:

Detailed catalogue



Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Acquired from the Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research.


Related material:

A small amount of correspondence between Balfour and Henry Solomon Wellcome (HSW) relating to the establishment of the WBSR, and a discussion of how to secure its future after HSW's death, may be found in WA/HSW/CO/Ind/A.1.

Photographs relating to Balfour's South American Expedition and to the Mobile Bacteriological Laboratory are listed at WA/PHO/Bsr.

The Library also holds some papers of Boris Jobling (WTI/JOB) and Cecil Arthur Hoare (WTI/CAH).


Archivist's note: Compiled by Anya Turner.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: June 2008

Phytochemistry | Biochemistry
Scientific expeditions | Field work | Research work
Tropical diseases | Diseases | Pathology
War casualties | War victims | International conflicts

Personal names
Balfour | Sir | Andrew | 1873-1931 | Knight | Director of London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Wenyon | Charles Morley | 1878-1948 | protozoologist

Corporate names
Burroughs Wellcome & Co.
Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research
Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories
Wellcome Entomological Field Laboratories
Wellcome Museum of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories
Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories

Mauritius | East Africa
South America