Graphical version

Institute of Modern Languages

Garten, Hugo Frederick (1904-1975)


Reference code(s): GB 0367 HFG

Held at: Institute of Modern Languages

Title: Garten, Hugo Frederick (1904-1975)

Date(s): 1903-1975

Level of description: Collection (Fonds)

Extent: 3 boxes, 1 oversize folder, 1 roll

Name of creator(s): Garten | Hugo Frederick | 1904-1975 | German scholar


Administrative/Biographical history:

Hugo Frederick Garten: born Hugo Friedrich Königsgarten, Brünn, Moravia, Austria, 13 Apr 1904, into a Jewish family. Educated at a Gymnasium in Berlin, and the Universites of Jena (1923), Vienna (1923-1924), Berlin (1924-1926) and Heidelberg, where he obtained his doctorate in 1930; free-lance writer in Berlin, 1928-1933; moved to Vienna, 1933 and London, 1938; teacher at New College School, Oxford, 1940-1945, and member of staff of Die Zeitung, London, 1941-1944; DPhil, Oxford, 1944; taught modern languages at Westminster School, 1946-1965; Lecturer at the Universities of Surrey and London 1965-. He was a member of the International PEN Club, the English Goethe Society and the Gerhart Hauptmann-Gesellschaft.
Married Anne Leonard Smith, 1952, no children.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Hugo Frederick Garten (formerly Hugo Friedrich Königsgarten) (HFG), including correspondence with the expressionist playwright Georg Kaiser (GK) and his wife Margareta from the 1920s to 1940s; typescripts of work by GK; periodicals, programmes and photographs relating to productions of GK's plays; correspondence from the German playwright Gerhart Hauptmann (GH) and members of his family to HFG; newspaper cuttings on GH and his plays written on centenary of his birth in 1962; photographs of GH and letters from GH to the German Studies scholar Hermann Georg Fiedler; and letters from Stefan Zweig, Fritz von Unruh, Jakob Wassermann and his wife, Martha Wassermann-Karlweis, Robert Neumann, Friedrich Gundolf, and Alfred Weber to HFG. Also includes five metal plate prints of letters by and portraits of Gerhart Hauptmann.


Language/scripts of material: German, English, Dutch

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:

Open. At least 48 hours' notice is required for research visits.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Photocopies may be made, although this is at the discretion of the Librarian and is dependent on the nature of the material.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

Box List

Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Papers given by Mrs Garten, 1976


Existence and location of originals:

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

The Institute holds a number of collections relating to German theatre and drama including the papers Friedrich Gundolf, Bertold Auerbach and the Archive of German Theatre.

There is an extensive collection of George Kaiser's papers at the University of Alberta, Canada, including copies of 19 letters to Letters H F Koenigsgarten [Garten], 1936-1939.

Publication note:



Archivist's note: Compiled by Alan Kucia as part of the RSLP AIM25 Project. Revised by Clare George May 2020.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000 and National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: May 2002; May 2020.

Drama | Literary forms and genres | Literature
German | Germanic languages | Indo-european languages
German literature | European literature | National literatures

Personal names
Garten | Hugo Frederick | 1904-1975 | German scholar x Königsgarten | Hugo Friedrich
Gundolf | Friedrich | 1880-1931 | German literary scholar and critic x Gundelfinger | Friedrich Leopold
Hauptmann | Gerhart | 1862-1946 | writer
Kaiser | Georg | 1878-1945 | writer
Neumann | Robert | 1897-1975 | writer
Unruh | Fritz von | 1885-1970 | writer x von Unruh | Fritz
Weber | Alfred | 1868-1958 | German scholar
Zweig | Stefan | 1881-1942 | author

Corporate names