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London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

MANSON, Sir Patrick (1844-1922)


Reference code(s): GB 0809 Manson

Held at: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Title: MANSON, Sir Patrick (1844-1922)

Date(s): 1865-1964

Level of description: Collection (fonds)

Extent: 2 boxes

Name of creator(s): Manson | Sir | Patrick | 1844-1922 | Knight | physician, parasitologist, tropical medicine specialist


Administrative/Biographical history:

Patrick Manson was born in 1844 and studied medicine at Aberdeen University, passing M.B. and C.M. in 1865. In 1866 he became medical officer of Formosa for the Chinese imperial maritime customs, moving to Amoy in 1871. Here, while working on elephantoid diseases, he discovered in the tissues of blood-sucking mosquitoes the developmental phase of filaria worms. From 1883 to 1889 he was based in Hong Kong, where he set up a school of medicine that developed into the university and medical school of Hong Kong. Returning to London, he became physician to the Seaman's Hospital in 1892. He played a central role in the development of tropical medicine as a distinct discipline, publishing on tropical diseases, being instrumental in the setting up of the London School of Tropical Medicine in 1899, and becoming physician and advisor to the Colonial Office in 1897. He propounded the theory that malaria was propagated by mosquitoes, a theory to be proved by Sir Ronald Ross (1857-1932). He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1900 and awarded CMG, 1900, KCMG in 1903, and GCMG, 1912; he died in 1922.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Sir Patrick Manson, 1865-1964, including Manson's diaries, 1865-1879, containing notes on the discovery of mosquitoes as carriers of malaria and patient case notes; bound manuscript notes of his discovery of filaria, 1877; original drawings of eggs of bilharzias and embryos of guinea worms, 1893; drawings by Manson of filarial embryos, 1891; correspondence with Charles Wilberforce Daniels, Herbert Edward Durham and James Michelli on tropical medical matters, 1900-1914; photographs, including Manson's birthplace and the Manse (Manson's parents' house), Manson in 1864 and 1875, Manson lecturing in the original laboratory, original building and laboratory of LSHTM, Manson's grave; certificates and medals awarded to Manson; correspondence between Mary Rose Hossack (Manson's daughter) and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine over his papers, including a memorandum on Manson's will, 1963-1964; certificates of election as Fellow of the Royal Society 1900, and awards of CMG, KCMG and GCMG; medals including Fothergill Medal, 1902, Bisset Hawkins Medal, 1905, Mary Kingsley Medal, 1905, and Jenner Medal, 1912.


Language/scripts of material: English.

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:

Researchers are required to give prior notice (at least seven days), and complete a Rare Books Collection Form. Access is not available to these materials during the weekend.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Material to be copied by Library Staff only.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

General index for each box available in hard copy at the School.

Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Donated by the family, c1963.


Existence and location of originals:

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

Wellcome Library holds papers, 1854-1922, including case notes of Manson at Amoy and Hong Kong, and correspondence including correspondence with Sir Ronald Ross, (Ref: MSS.3417, 6129-6132 and 7245); papers relating to the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (Ref: WTI/RST/F).

Publication note:



Archivist's note: Compiled by Erika Gwynett and Robert Baxter as part of the RSLP AIM25 Project. Sources: Who's Who, Dictionary of National Biography, National Register of Archives and entry for Manson papers held at the Wellcome Library.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions: Jun 2001

Bilharzia | Tropical diseases | Diseases | Pathology
Elephantiasis | Tropical diseases | Diseases | Pathology
Malaria | Infectious diseases | Diseases | Pathology
Surgery | Medical sciences

Personal names
Daniels | Charles Wilberforce | d 1937 | tropical medicine physician
Durham | Herbert Edward | 1866-1945 | medical scientist
Manson | Sir | Patrick | 1844-1922 | Knight | physician, parasitologist, tropical medicine specialist
Michelli | Sir | James | 1853-1935 | Knight | tropical medicine physician

Corporate names
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Hong Kong | East Asia
Taiwan | East Asia
Xiamen | China | East Asia
Amoy x Xiamen