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King's College London College Archives

ENTWISTLE, William James (1895-1952)


Reference code(s): GB 0100 KCLCA K/PP172

Held at: King's College London College Archives

Title: ENTWISTLE, William James (1895-1952)

Date(s): [1945-1947]

Level of description: Collection (fonds)

Extent: 1 file

Name of creator(s): Entwistle | William James | 1895-1952 | Professor of Spanish


Administrative/Biographical history:

William James Entwistle was born on 7 December 1895 at Cheng Yang Kuan; educated by his father and at the China Inland Mission's school at Chefoo (Yantai), until 1910; attended Robert Gordon's College, Aberdeen for a year; entered the University of Aberdeen with a bursary, obtaining a first class in classics, with distinctions in Greek history and comparative philology, 1916; joined the Royal Field Artillery, transferring to the Scottish Rifles and was seriously wounded in 1917.

Entwistle was awarded the Fullerton classical scholarship at Aberdeen, 1918; spent 1920 in Madrid, after receiving a Carnegie grant; married Jeanie Drysdale, 1921; became lecturer in charge of Spanish at Manchester, 1921.

Entwistle wrote his first book, The Arthurian Legend in the Literatures of the Spanish Peninsula, 1925; became first Stevenson Professor of Spanish at Glasgow, 1925; became King Alfonso XIII Professor of Spanish studies at Oxford, 1932; awarded a fellowship at Exeter College, 1932. Whilst at Oxford Entwistle wrote over sixty articles, including work concerning Spanish, Portuguese, and South American literary, linguistic, and historical themes; his first major work at Oxford was The Spanish Language, 1936, a descriptive account of the languages of the Iberian peninsula.

Entwistle worked a draft of the Chronicle of John I of Portugal, by Fernão Lopes (1380-1459). Fernão Lopes was a Portuguese chronicler, appointed by King Edward I of Portugal to write the history of Portugal, including Crónica de el-rei D. João I (Chronicle of King John I), first and second part.

Enwistle was joint editor of the Modern Language Review, 1934-1948, general editor of the Year's Work in Modern Language Studies, 1931-1937 and of the Great Languages Series, 1940-1952 and general editor of the linguistic contributions to the new edition of Chambers's Encyclopaedia; was educational director of the British Council, 1942-1943; made honorary LLD of Aberdeen, 1940, Glasgow, 1951 and LittD of Coimbra and Pennsylvania and was president of the Modern Humanities Research Association, 1952. Entwistle died in St Edmund Hall, Oxford, on 13 June 1952.

Publications notably include: The Arthurian legend in the literatures of the Spanish Peninsula (London, Toronto, Dent, New York, Dutton, 1925), The Spanish language: together with Portuguese, Catalan and Basque (Faber & Faber, London 1936), European balladry (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1939), Cervantes, the exemplary novelist (Hispanic Review, 1941),) Russian and the Slavonic languages by W. J. Entwistle & W. A. Morison (Faber & Faber, London, 1949) and Aspects of language (Faber and Faber,London, 1953).


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of William James Entwistle collection, [1945-1947] comprising correspondence to and from Entwistle regarding the Chronicle of John I of Portugal and also includes a draft edition of the first 136 chapters,[1945-1947].

The correspondence section notably includes a letter, in Portuguese script, from Florentino dos Santos Cardoso, of Évora Public Library, to William James Entwistle, 1945, concerning the Chronica de El Rei D. João I by Fernão Lopes and a reproduction made and held by the Évora Public Library. Florentino dos Santos Cardoso asks Entwistle whether he would interetsed in purchasing a complete reproduction. Correspondence also includes a letter from Entwistle to Edgar Prestage (1881-1949), regarding the printing of the final chapters of Chronicle of John I of Portugal, 1945; letter from Entwistle to Prestage regarding the progress of the printing of a complete copy of Chronicle of John I of Portugal, suggesting the proofs are the 'pre first edition of book which will never appear', 1947.

The collection also includes a copy of the unpublished text of Chronicle of John I of Portugal [1945-1946], written by Fernão Lopes 1380-1459.


Language/scripts of material: English and Portuguese.

System of arrangement:

The collection comprises two sections, section one: correspondence, section two: copy of the unpublished text of Chronicle of John I of Portugal [1945-1946].

Conditions governing access:

Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archives and Information Management.

Physical characteristics:

Finding aids:

No additional finding aids exist.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information:


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Transferred from King's College London Library.


Existence and location of originals:

The unpublished proofs of the second part of the Chronicle of John I of Portugal, edited by Entwistle, were deposited at the Taylor Institution,

Existence and location of copies:

Related material:

Publication note:


Archivist's note:

Sources: The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and Oxford Libraries Information System Translation of the Portuguese letter from Florentino dos Santos Cardoso, of Évora Public Library, to William James Entwistle, kindly translated by a member of staff, Department of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, King's College London.

Compiled by Samantha Velumyl.

Rules or conventions: Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names.

Date(s) of descriptions: January 2008

Chronicles | Manuscripts | Documents | Information sources
Editing | Publishing | Publishing industry
Portuguese | Romance languages | Indo-european languages
Romance philology | Philology | Linguistics
Philology x Literary analysis

Personal names
Cardoso | Florentino dos Santos | (fl 1945)
Entwistle | William James | 1895-1952 | Professor of Spanish
Lopes | Fernão | 1380-1459 | chronicler
Prestage | Edgar | 1869-1951 | Professor of Portuguese | historian

Corporate names
Biblioteca Pública Évora | Public Library of Évora

Portugal | Western Europe | Europe