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Flourens, Jean Pierre: Letter to Richard Owen

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0114 MS0246
Held at: Royal College of Surgeons of England
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Full title: Flourens, Jean Pierre: Letter to Richard Owen
Date(s): 1834
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 1 item
Name of creator(s): Flourens | Marie Jean Pierre | 1794-1867 | physiologist x Flourens | Jean Pierre


Administrative/Biographical history:

Marie Jean Pierre Flourens was born at Maureilhan, near Béziers, in 1794. He studied medicine at Montpellier, and he received the degree of doctor in 1823. He went to Paris in 1824, carrying an introduction from A P de Candolle, the botanist, to Georges Cuvier, who received him and took an interest in him. In Paris he engaged in physiological research. He gave a course of lectures on the physiological theory of the sensations, at the Athénée, in 1821. He became a member of the Institute, in the division "Economic rurale", 1828. He became Cuvier's substitute as lecturer on human anatomy at the Jardin du Roi, in 1830, and was elected to the post of titular professor, in 1832, which he vacated for the professorship of comparative anatomy created for him at the museum of the Jardin the same year. He was appointed a perpetual secretary of the Academy of Sciences in 1833. He was returned as a deputy for the arrondissement of Béziers, in 1838. He was elected, in preference to Victor Hugo, to succeed J F Michaud at the French Academy in 1840. He was created a commander of the legion of honour in 1845, and a peer of France, in 1846. Flourens drew the attention of the Academy of Sciences to the anaesthetic effect of chloroform on animals, in 1847. He withdrew completely from political life in the Revolution of 1848, and accepted the professorship of natural history at the College de France, in 1855. He died at Montgeron, near Paris, in 1867.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Jean Pierre Flourens, 1834, comprising a letter from Jean Pierre Flourens, Perpetual Secretary of the Royal Academy of Science of the Institute of France, to Richard Owen, 22 Sep 1834. Relating to his publication on the Pearly Nautilus.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

As outlined in Scope and Content.

Conditions governing access:

By written appointment only.

Conditions governing reproduction:

No photocopying permitted.

Finding aids:

Archival Information

Archival history:

The letter, along with MS0247, was found inside a copy of Richard Owen's History of British Mammals and Birds.

Immediate source of acquisition:

Donated by D M Hall, in 1960.

Allied Materials

Related material:

Papers of Sir Richard Owen. (MS0025)

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Compiled by Anya Turner.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Sep 2008

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