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Identity Statement

Reference code(s): COL/CC/LPC
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1846-1956
Level of description: subfonds
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Extent: 7 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Corporation of London


Administrative/Biographical history:

The concept of the Court of Common Council grew from the ancient custom of the Folkmoot, when the assent of the citizens to important acts was obtained. This custom was continued by the Mayor who consulted the Commons several times during the 13th century. From 1376 the assembly began to meet regularly and was referred to as the Common Council. It was decided that the Council should be made up of persons elected from each Ward. By 1384 a permanent Common Council chosen by the citizens was established for all time. The Council assumed legislative functions and adopted financial powers, confirmed by Charters of 1377 and 1383. The Council has often used these powers to amend the civic constitution, regulate the election of Lord Mayor and other officials, and amend the functions of the City courts. The Council was judged so successful in the conduct of its duties that it was the only Corporation unreformed by Parliament following the Municipal Corporations Commission report of 1837, while the Corporation Inquiry Commission of 1854 suggested only minor reforms. The work of the Council is conducted by a number of committees, while the whole Council has the right to approve policy, confirm major decisions and sanction expenditure. The committees handle many aspects of the running of the City including land and estates, finance and valuation, open spaces, street improvement and town planning, public health, police, Port of London, civil defence, airports, libraries, markets, education, and law. The Town Clerk has held responsibility for recording the minutes of the Council and its committees since 1274.

The Law, Parliamentary and City Courts Committee was appointed by a resolution of Common Council on 17 Jan 1856. It took over the function of the Law Bills, Parliamentary and Secondaries Committees, which approved bills submitted by law officers, watched bills in Parliament likely to affect the rights of citizens and enquired into the office of Secondary and the practice of the Sheriffs' Court. In 1878 it dropped the parliamentary work and was renamed as the Law and City Courts Committee. The duties were transferred to the General Purpose Committee on 24 Jan 1957.


Scope and content/abstract:

Records of the Law, Parliamentary and City Courts Committee, Court of Common Council, including minutes and committee papers, 1856-1956, standing orders, 1856, administrative papers and correspondence, 1846-1930.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

In sections according to catalogue.

Conditions governing access:

Available for general access

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright City of London

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Corporation of London Records Office.

Allied Materials

Related material:

For Corporation of London records relating to Corporation of London dealings with Parliament, see: COL/CA/PYA: Court of Aldermen Parliamentary Committee, COL/AD: Administration, COL/CC/CTC: Consolidated Committee, COL/CC/JTC: Joint Committee, COL/CC/LLC: law Bills Committee, COL/CC/LGT: Local Government and Taxation Committee, COL/CC/LPC: Law, Parliamentary and City Courts Committee, COL/CC/MIN: Committees, COL/CC/PPC: Policy and Parliamentary Committee, COL/CC/PRC: Policy and Resources Committee, COL/CC/PYC: Court of Common Council Parliamentary Committee, COL/CC/SPC: Special Committee and COL/RMD/PA: Remembrancer's Department: Parliamentary. See also COL/CC/SDC: Secondary and Sheriffs' Courts Committee.

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
February 2009

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