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Archives in London and the M25 area


Identity Statement

Reference code(s): H22/HT
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1900-1990
Level of description: subfonds
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Extent: 33.8 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Horton Hospital x Horton Asylum | 1902-1915 x Horton (County of London) War Hospital | 1915-1918 x Horton Mental Hospital | 1918-1937 and 1949- x War Hospital | 1939-1949


Administrative/Biographical history:

Horton Hospital was founded in 1902 by the London County Council as Horton Asylum. It was one of five mental hospitals opened on the Horton Estate, Epsom. In 1915 Horton Asylum became Horton (County of London) War Hospital, which was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel J.R. Lord. This required the transfer of 2143 patients to sister hospitals. From 1918 until 1937 Horton Asylum became known as Horton Mental Hospital. The Second World War saw Horton once again become a war hospital as part of the Emergency Medical Service, returning to its function as a mental hospital in 1949.

Upon the establishment of the National Health Service in 1948, Horton Hospital became part of the South West Metropolitan Region. Between 1974 and 1982 the Hospital was part of the North West Thames Region within the North East District (Teaching) Health Authority. From 1982 the Hospital was part of the North West Thames Region within the Victoria District Health Authority and in 1985 it became part of the Riverside Health Authority. The hospital was closed in 1998.


Scope and content/abstract:

Records of Horton Hospital, including Medical Superintendent report books, 1900-1917; Horton Hospital Management Committee (later Management Team) minutes, 1948-1985; Hospital Committees' and Sub-Committees' minutes, 1948-1984; admission, discharge and creed registers, 1907-1984; general registers and indexes of patients, 1902-1971; post mortem registers, 1902-1951; death registers, 1931-1971; operation registers, 1944-1964; patient case books, 1902-1937; Chest unit case files, 1940-1945; Chest Unit admission book, 1944-1947; staff records, 1902-1939; financial records, 1927-1965; maps of the hospital site, 196-; papers of research projects, 1978-1983; glass negatives of patients, 20th century and draft manuscript copy of J.R.Lord's Story of the Horton (County of London) War Hospital, 1920.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The records are arranged as follows: A = Administration, B = Patients' records, C = Staff records, D = Financial records, G = Chaplain's records, Y = Related documentation.

Conditions governing access:

These records are open to public inspection, although under section 5(4) of the 1958 Public Records Act administrative records are closed for 30 years and patient records for 100 years.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright: Depositor

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

ACC/3690, ACC/3729, ACC/3742, B97/149, B97/155, B97/156, B01/067, B02/032

Allied Materials

Related material:

Publication note:

The Story of the Horton-Co. of London-War Hospital: Epsom. Its inception and work and some reflections ... With seven plates and a plan by John Robert Lord (W. Heinemann: London, 1920).

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
February 2009

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