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Archives in London and the M25 area


Identity Statement

Reference code(s): ACC/0754
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1728
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 0.01 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Middlesex and Essex Turnpike Trust


Administrative/Biographical history:

The turnpike system dated from 1663 when Parliament authorised the erection of toll barriers along the Great North Road. The principle was that each person should contribute to the repair of the roads in proportion to the use he made of them. A barrier was placed across a road and a toll taken from each road user except pedestrians; the monies were then used to support the maintenance and improvement of the road. Turnpikes were placed under the control of bodies known as Turnpike Trusts. By 1770 there were over 1100 Trusts, administering 23,000 miles of road, with 7800 toll gates.

The "Great Essex Road" from London to Harwich followed what was is now the A12 as far as Colchester and then followed the same route as the A137 and B1352 to Harwich. The original starting point in London was from The Standard in Cornhill, but later measurements were taken from Whitechapel Church on the eastern boundary of the City of London. As Middlesex encircled the north of the City the first milestone in Essex along the route was placed at Stratford.


Scope and content/abstract:

Appointment of William Dilks, of Stratford, then in Essex, as Trustee of the Middlesex and Essex Turnpike Trust, 1728.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

One item

Conditions governing access:

Available for general access.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright: City of London

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Received in 1961 (Acc/0754).

Allied Materials

Related material:

See also ACC/004: Whitechapel Turnpike Trust and TP: Turnpike Trusts. The Essex Record Office also holds material relating to the Middlesex and Essex Turnpike Trust.

Publication note:

See J.M.L. Booker "The Essex Turnpike Trusts" (M.Litt, University of Durham 1979); copy in Essex Record Office Library.

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
April to June 2009

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