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Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 ACC/0715
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1686
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 0.01 linear metres
Name of creator(s): James II and IV | 1633-1701 | King of Great Britain and Ireland


Administrative/Biographical history:

Hounslow Friary received the grant of a market and fair in 1296. The market was to be held on Tuesdays and the fair for eight days at Trinity Sunday. The fair was still held in the 16th century, but the market had been given up. In 1686 John Shales, commissary-general of provisions for the army, was granted the right to hold a market in Hounslow on every day while the military camp was there, and on Thursdays for ever. A year later he received another grant, this time of a fair to be held on 1-12 May; the first two days were to be principally for the selling of horses, the next two for cattle, and the rest for all goods. The Thursday market was still held in 1798 when it was said to have a considerable show of fat cattle, but it was discontinued early in the 19th century.

John Shales owned a market-house in Hounslow in 1692. In 1818 the market-house stood in Fair Street, and belonged to one Sarah Brown. It consisted of a gable-ended roof supported on fluted columns of a composite order; the royal arms were displayed on the gable end. The building had disappeared by 1840.

From: 'Heston and Isleworth: Markets and fairs', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington (1962), pp. 112 (available online).


Scope and content/abstract:

Letters Patent from King James II to John Shales, permitting a market to be held in Hounslow, near Hounslow Heath, for buying and selling all kinds of provisions for the support of the king's soldiers encamped on Hounslow Heath, every day, except Sunday, for the duration of the camp from time to time for ever; and the said market to be held henceforth every Thursday for ever for the convenience of the inhabitants of neighbouring townships, with all liberties, tolls, piccage stall, and without any composition to be paid, 4 March 1686.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

One item

Conditions governing access:

Available for general access.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright rests with the depositor.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Received in 1960.

Allied Materials

Related material:

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
July to October 2009

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