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Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 ACC/3255
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): [1801]-1983
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 0.66 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Courage Ltd | brewers


Administrative/Biographical history:

1787: John Courage, a shipping agent, purchased a brewery at Horsleydown, Southwark, London
1800: firm carried on after John Courage died by his senior clerk, John Donaldson, and is known as Courage and Donaldson
1851: Donaldson family withdrew from management and John Courage junior and his sons Robert and John take over the business
1887: output exceeded 300,000 barrels a year
1888: Courage and Company registered as a limited liability company
1903-1943: followed policy of expansion, acquiring 7 breweries and their associated licensed public houses
1955: merged with another Southwark brewery, Barclay, Perkins and Company Ltd, forming a new company, Courage and Barclay Ltd
1960: acquired H and G Simonds Ltd of Reading, Berkshire and changed name to Courage, Barclay and Simonds Ltd
1956-1970: continued to expand, acquiring 14 other breweries
1970: changed name to Courage Ltd
1972: acquired by Imperial Tobacco Group Ltd for 320 million, changed name to Imperial Brewing and Leisure Ltd.
1986: Imperial Group aquired by Hanson Trust plc, which sold Courage Ltd as a separate concern to Elders IXL, the Australian conglomerate.


Scope and content/abstract:

Deeds of licensed premises belonging to Courage Ltd, [1801]-1983, including:

Acton: The Railway Tavern (later Railway Hotel)

Chelsea: Nos. 36-38, 42, 44 Markham Street

Colnbrook, Buckinghamshire: Lease of Colnbrook Brewery, and various public houses in Buckinghamshire and Middlesex - with plans

Finsbury: Merlins Cave Public House, Rosoman Street, Clerkenwell

Friern Barnet: Railway Hotel, Colney Hatch

Hackney: Gladstone Working Men's Club (later New Commonwealth Club and Institute)

Hampstead: The Adelaide Public House, Chalk Farm

Islington: The Prince Regent, nos. 201-205 Liverpool Road

Lambeth: The Tudor Club, Brixton

Southall: Southall Working Men's Club: report on provision of beer

Southwark: The Fox Public House, Southwark Bridge Road; The Ship Inn, Borough Road and the Windmill Public House, Upper Ground Street

Staines: Beerhouse, no.31 Wyatt Road; The Bush Inn and Clarence Hotel, Clarence Street; Land and copyhold messuage at Church End and Penton House and grounds

Uxbridge: No.26 Rockingham Street and baker's shop adjoining Rockingham Arms

Woolwich: The New Steam Packet Inn

Hampstead Brewery Company: Papers concerning mortgages and Chiswick Branch of Transport and General Workers Union.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

ACC/3255/001 - ACC/3255/020

Conditions governing access:

Available for general access.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright rests with the depositor.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Received in 1993 (ACC/3255)

Allied Materials

Related material:

See also main collection of Courage records, reference ACC/2305.

Publication note:

See The Courage Group (Courage and Barclay, 1968); G N Hardinge, The Development and Growth of Courage's Brewery (Courage and CO, 1932) and J Pudney, A Draught of Contentment: The Story of the Courage Group (1971).

Also L Richmond and A Turton, The Brewing Industry: A Guide to Historical Records, (1990), LMA Library reference 60.43 RIC.

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
July to October 2009

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