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Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 LMA/4419
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1902-1956
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 0.33 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Howards and Sons Ltd | manufacturers of pharmaceutical chemicals


Administrative/Biographical history:

Howards and Sons Limited were manufacturers of pharmaceutical chemicals, especially quinine. Before and immediately after World War I, Howards and Sons was the only British quinine manufacturer (the trade, and especially the supply of cinchona bark used for the production of quinine, was virtually monopolised by the Dutch at that time). In December 1916, following the outbreak of the war, the company's entire production was put at the disposal of the War Office Contracts Department.

On 3 September 1918 David Howard, the company's director and Chairman of the Association of Quinine Manufacturers in Allied Countries, was one of the signatories of an agreement between the allied governments of the UK, India, France, Italy and the USA on one hand and the Dutch manufacturers on the other, which secured a supply of quinine and cinchona bark for the Allied nations.

After the war, on 29 May 1919, Howards and Sons became a member of the newly-formed British Quinine Corporation and continued to trade all over the world.


Scope and content/abstract:

Records of Howards and Sons Ltd, manufacturers of pharmaceutical chemicals, 1902-1956. Comprising documents in English, French, German and Dutch, the collection reflects the company's active involvement in the world quinine market, especially in the years immediately following World War I (1918-1920), as well as its membership of the Association of Quinine Manufacturers in Allied Countries and the Quinine Manufacturers' Association at that time.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:
English; French; German; Dutch

System of arrangement:

The collection has been arranged in one series called 'Howard & Sons Ltd. and Association of Quinine Manufacturers' (LMA/4419/01), and sub-divided into six subseries (Rules and Regulations, Government Acts, Minutes and Conference Transcripts, Trade Contracts and Agreements, Accounts, and Log Books).

Conditions governing access:

These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information are subject to access restrictions under the UK Data Protection Act, 1998.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright rests with the City of London.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Donated to the Archive in 2002.

Allied Materials

Related material:

Publication note:

For the main body of the company's business records, as well as a comprehensive account of its origins and history, see ACC/1037 and ACC/1420. For more information about quinine market before 1919 see Profiteering Act of 1919 (LMA/4419/01/004).

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
July to October 2009

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