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Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 E/BVR
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1551-1961
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 6.68 linear metres (501 documents).
Name of creator(s): Benyon | family | of Hackney and Englefield


Administrative/Biographical history:

Francis Tyssen (d 1699) bought up manors in Hackney from 1697 onwards. He left his estates to his son Francis (d 1710) who in turn left them to his son Francis (d 1717). The latter Francis married Rachel, daughter of neighbouring landowner Richard de Beauvoir. His estates were left to his posthumous son Francis John Tyssen, who left the estates were left to his daughter Mary Tyssen. Her grandson William George Daniel (1801-55) took the surname Daniel-Tyssen. He married Amelia Amhurst. Their son William Amhurst Tyssen (1835-1909) adopted the surname Tyssen-Amherst in 1852, changing it to Tyssen-Amherst in 1877. His estates included 9488 acres at Didlington Hall, Norfolk, as well as the Hackney estates in London.

Richard de Beauvoir purchased the Manor of Hoxton or Balmes in 1687. He died in 1708 leaving the land to his son Osmond, who in turn left the manor to his son Reverend Peter de Beauvoir, who was the last sinecure rector of Hackney. He died in 1821, and the estate passed to Richard Benyon of Englefield House, Berkshire, the grandson of Francis John Tyssen's sister Mary Benyon, and the great-grandson of Richard de Beauvoir's daughter Rachel and her husband Francis Tyssen. Richard adopted the surname Benyon de Beauvoir. While in his ownership the estate was developed by William Rhodes into the area still known as De Beauvoir Town.

Information from 'Hackney: Manors', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 10: Hackney (1995), pp. 75-91.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers, 1551-1950, of the Benyon family, including records of the de Beauvoir estate in Hackney, Shoreditch and elsewhere, and including references to several families including the de Beauvoir, Macdougall, Tyssen and Whitmore families.

The first deposit comprises:
Manor of Hoxton and Balmes (Hackney and Shoreditch): deeds, 1551-1723, largely 17th century, also relating to some property in Cambridgeshire, Essex, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire (Ref: E/BVR/1-28);
De Beauvoir Town (Hackney): rent books, 1830-1950, for properties in the area bounded by Regent's Canal in the south, Kingsland Road in the east, Ball's Pond Road in the North, and Southgate Road in the West, also notebooks concerning rents, 1829-1845, and a Trust account book of the late Rev Peter Beauvoir, 1821-1843 (Ref: E/BVR/29-193);
accounts, 1857-1859, 1867-1950, and associated records concerning the estate and its administration, including correspondence, 1821-1935 (Ref: E/BVR/194-286);
Tyssen estate: manor of Hackney Lordshold, Kingshold and Grumbolds: correspondence, accounts, etc, 1746-1820, concerning administration of the estate, also mentioning Hackney church (Ref: E/BVR/287-346);
Piccadilly estate (St Martin in the Fields): deeds (copies), 1623-1676 (Ref: E/BVR/347-358);
Haymarket properties (St Martin in the Fields): deeds: Macdougall family papers, 1632-1821 (Ref: E/BVR/359-399);
Pall Mall properties (St Martin in the Fields and St James, Westminster): deeds, 1660-1812 (Ref: E/BVR/400-411);
Redcross Street (St Giles, Cripplegate) properties: deeds, 1669-1755, including one item, a note c1700, relating to property in Acton (Middlesex) (Ref: E/BVR/412-418);
Vauxhall estate: rental, including record of rents received, 1758-1821, and list of deeds, 1694-1822, concerning this estate, copyhold to the Manor of Kennington (Ref: E/BVR/419);
Maps, plans and engravings, 1831-1879 and undated {19th century}, including printed, manuscript and lithographed items, largely of Hackney and Shoreditch, including De Beauvoir Town, some including details of settlement and other information as well as property ownership (Ref: E/BVR/420-428).

The second deposit comprises:
Manor of Hoxton and Balmes (Hackney and Shoreditch): deeds, 1627, 1773 (Ref: E/BVR/429-431);
'Essex' rental, 1839-1907, including also De Beauvoir Town, Haymarket and Vauxhall (Ref: E/BVR/432);
De Beauvoir Town: estate papers etc, 1869-1900 (Ref: E/BVR/433-437);
correspondence and papers, 1867-1906, relating to St Peter's Church parish matters and church fabric, and an original watercolour of the church, 1842 (Ref: E/BVR/438-446);
Piccadilly estate: case for opposition to rate for cleaning Piccadilly and Park Lane, 1809 (Ref: E/BVR/447);
Haymarket: rentals, 1903 (Ref: E/BVR/448).

The third deposit comprises:
Hoxton: deed, 1551 (Ref: E/BVR/449);
Manor of Balmes: deeds, 1626, 1634 (Ref: E/BVR/450-453);
Estate accounts: De Beauvoir Town vouchers for various payments, 1831-1852, including work on the new church, De Beauvoir Town; vouchers for repairs etc, 1921-1933; correspondence and statement of accounts of the estates' London solicitor and agent, 1838-1917 (Ref: E/BVR/454-496);
No 27 Grosvenor Square: lease, 1911 (Ref: E/BVR/497);
West Hackney Church: correspondence with the Bishop of London re proposed church, 1838 (Ref: E/BVR/498).

The fourth deposit comprises: Valuation and accounts for the De Beauvoir Town estate (Ref: E/BVR/499-501).

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The records are arranged by deposit (E/BVR/1-428, E/BVR/429-448, E/BVR/449-498, E/BVR/499-501). Within each deposit the records are arranged by estate.

Conditions governing access:

These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information are subject to access restrictions under the UK Data Protection Act, 1998.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright to this collection rests with the depositor.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Records deposited in 1962, 1964, 1967 and 2012.

Allied Materials

Related material:

London Metropolitan Archives holds further records of the Tyssen-Amherst family, including manorial records of the Lordshold, Kingshold and Grumbolds, Hackney (Ref: M/79), and items among the records of the East London Waterworks Company (Ref: ACC/2558/EL) relating to members of the family. Berkshire Record Office holds further records of the Benyon and De Beauvoir families (Ref: D/EBy). Essex Record Office holds further records of the Benyon and De Beauvoir families (Ref: D/Dbe, A10365). Hackney Archives Department holds further records of the Tyssen-Amherst family (Ref: D/F/AMH). The National Archives holds further records of the Benyon family (Ref: C 108/283).

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Records prepared May to September 2011. Updated in January 2013.

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