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Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 ACC/0788
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1696?-1780
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 1.37 linear metres.
Name of creator(s): Brydges | family | Dukes of Chandos


Administrative/Biographical history:

The manor of Great Stanmore was owned by St Alban's Abbey at the time of the Norman Conquest. The manor was initially known as Stanmore-the first recorded division of Stanmore into "Great" and "Little" is in the Domesday Book. The Manor of Little Stanmore was also known as Canons.

In 1709 Little Stanmore, and in 1715 Great Stanmore, were sold to James Brydges, who became duke of Chandos in 1719. He rebuilt the mansion house of Canons in ostentatious style, including marbles, rare woods, ceiling paintings and tapestries. The grounds included canals, hothouses, an aviary and sculptures. His son Henry was forced by debts to break up the Canons estate, much of the furniture and collections of fine art were sold and the house was pulled down in 1753. The family retained the lordship of the manors and kept a small amount of land in the area.

The third and last Duke of Chandos was James Brydges, son of Henry. His daughter, Lady Anna Elizabeth (1780-1836), was married to Richard Temple Nugent Grenville, (1776-1839), known as Earl Temple, the son of the Marquess of Buckingham. Richard adopted the surname Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville and was made 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos in 1822. Their son Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville sold the manor of Great Stanmore in 1840.

Information from: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham (1976) (available online).


Scope and content/abstract:

Records of the Brydges family, dukes of Chandos, including marriage settlement of James Brydges and Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Lake of Canons, 1696; letter patent of Queen Anne, granting annuity to George Brydges, 1707; marriage settlements of James Brydges and Cassandra Willoughby, 1713, relating to the manor of Little Stanmore (Canons); settlement relating to Clarendon House, later called Albermarle House, in St Martin in the Fields, Westminster; assignment of estates of Henry Brydges, 1734; leases of premises in Chipping Barnet, Great and Little Stanmore, and Edgware, 1734; marriage settlement of James Brydges, 1753; and settlement of the estates in Great and Little Stanmore of Anna Eliza, Duchess of Chandos, 1780.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Documents in chronological order.

Conditions governing access:

Available for general access.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright to this collection rests with the City of London.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Deposited in the Middlesex County Record Office in 1961.

Allied Materials

Related material:

For other records of the Chandos family please see ACC/0054, ACC/0453 and ACC/0749.

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Records prepared May to September 2011.

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