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Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0074 LMA/4019
Held at: London Metropolitan Archives
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Date(s): 1667-1939
Level of description: Collection
Extent: 19.5 linear metres
Name of creator(s): Thynne and Thynne | Land Agents | 1865-1958 xx Pearce and Thynne | Land Agents | 1834-1849 xx Pearce Kent and Thynne | Land Agents | 1826-1832 xx Pearce and Kent | Land Agents | 1811-1826 xx Kent Pearce and Kent | Land Agents | 1802-1811 xx Kent and Pearce | Land Agents | 1792-1802 xx Kent Claridge and Pearce | Land Agents | 1783-1792


Administrative/Biographical history:

The firm was founded in the late 18th century as Kent Claridge and Pearce and by 1802 was referred to as Kent Pearce and Kent. George Frederick Thynne joined the partnership of Charles Kent and William Pearce in the early 19th century, the firm being known as Pearce Kent and Thynne from 1826 and Pearce and Thynne from 1834. The business began at 5 Craig's Court, Charing Cross, later moving to 11 Great George Street, Westminster where it stayed until about 1900 when it moved to 9 Victoria Street, the premises it retained until its closure in the 1950s.

By 1850 the firm was in the sole charge of Frederick K. Thynne. His sons Frederick George, Edward Lewis and Guy Harry had all joined by the 1870s and the business was known as Thynne and Thynne from 1865.

The firm acted as land agents for many wealthy and/or noble clients throughout England and its archive has thus been split between the counties where it administered estates. The bulk of the Thynne and Thynne collection held at London Metropolitan Archives deals with the estates of the Legge family, Earls of Dartmouth, in particular the family properties in London and Kent, with some records for Olney, Buckinghamshire and papers for properties in Berkshire, Hampshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Sussex and the West Riding of Yorkshire. The third earl appointed Kent and Pearce as his Yorkshire land agents in 1804 and for his remaining properties soon after, and they had considerable autonomy over management of the estates from the time of the fifth earl, who succeeded in 1853.

Thynne and Thynne also had an extensive business in Dalston, Hackney. They acted for the Addington family, Viscounts Sidmouth, who owned estates in Devon, Staffordshire, Berkshire and Oxfordshire as well as in Dalston and Battersea. Besides this, the firm were responsible for the property of the White family which owned land in Dalston from the 17th century as well as an estate at Wethersfield, Essex. Another client with land in Dalston was James Graham, a Baron of the Exchequer in 1799.


Scope and content/abstract:

Records of Thynne and Thynne, land agents, including: office finance and correspondence including day books and client accounts for individual clients; papers of clients consisting of deeds and legal papers, accounts, correspondence, memoranda. The clients concerned include the Legge family, Earls of Dartmouth; the Addington family, Viscounts Sidmouth; the Curzon Family, baronets; the Graham, White and associated families owning property in Dalston, Hackney; the Perceval-Maxwell family; the Hill family; the Spencer-Meade family; James Wilson; Bertram William Arnold Keppel; Reverend George Lock of Lee and smaller amounts of material for other clients. Also personal and family papers for members of the Thynne family especially Guy Harry Thynne.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Arranged in three sections, as follows:
LMA/4019/A: Office administration
LMA/4019/B: Clients' papers
LMA/4019/C: Personal and family papers

Conditions governing access:

These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information may be subject to access restrictions.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copyright rests with the depositor.

Finding aids:

Please see online catalogues at:

Archival Information

Archival history:

In 1958 the archives of Messrs Thynne and Thynne, land agents of Victoria Street London were distributed from the firm's offices among several county and borough archive services through the British Records Association (BRA983). Two major deposits were made at the Greater London Record Office (now London Metropolitan Archives), followed by several smaller deposits in subsequent years. These later deposits were made after the closure of the firm by Mr A Martin of Blackheath who was responsible in co-operation with the British Records Association for preserving and distributing the firm's archives.

Immediate source of acquisition:

Deposited via the British Records Association in 1958 with further deposits in 1969, 1974 and 2009.

Allied Materials

Related material:

For family papers of the Legge Family, Earls of Dartmouth see F/LEG.

Substantial sets of papers relating to estates of Thynne and Thynne's clients outside London are held at local record offices. These include: Earls of Dartmouth: estates at Sandwell, Patshull and Bromley Park, mining papers and Legge, Pigot and Whorwood family papers 17th-20th centuries at Staffordshire County Record Office; Morley and Woodsome manorial and estate papers 18th-20th centuries at West Yorkshire Archive Service, Leeds.

Curzon family: papers relating to the various estates of Earl Howe including papers for Mayfair 1819-1911, Curzon Park, Cheshire and Sheppey, Kent at Leicestershire Record Office; Curzon Park agency papers of Thynne and Thynne at Surrey History Centre.

Addington family, Viscounts Sidmouth: Some Thynne agency papers including deeds relating to the Bagnall (Staffordshire) estates at Staffordshire County Record Office.

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Added February 2019.

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