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BIKO, Bantu Stephen (1946-1977)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0101 ICS 133
Held at: Institute of Commonwealth Studies
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Full title: BIKO, Bantu Stephen (1946-1977)
Date(s): Jan 1971
Level of description: Collection (Fonds)
Extent: 1 file (10pp)
Name of creator(s): Biko | Bantu Stephen | 1946-1977 | political activist in South Africa
Detailed catalogue: Click here to view repository detailed catalogue


Administrative/Biographical history:

Bantu Stephen Biko was born in Kingwilliamstown on the 18th December 1946. He was educated at Marianhill Secondary School in Kwazulu. He entered the Medical School of the University of Natal (Black Section), 1966; he and his colleagues founded the South African Students' Organisation (SASO) in 1968. He was elected the first President of the organisation at its inaugural congress held at Turfloop in 1969; he was instrumental in the formation of one of SASO's projects, the Black Workers' Project (BWP) which was co-sponsored by the Black Community Programmes (BCP) the project addressed problems of Black workers whose unions were then not recognised in law; After serving as President, Biko was elected Publications Director of SASO where he wrote prolifically under the pen name Frank Talk in the SASO Newsletter; he was expelled from medical school in 1972 and joined the BCP; in March 1973 he was banned and restricted to Kingwilliamstown, there he set up a BCP office where he worked as aBranch Executive, but shortly afterwards his banning order was amended to prohibit him from working or associating with the BCP; on 18th August 1977, he was arrested in a police roadblock with his colleague and comrade, Peter Cyril Jones and detained under Section 6 of the Terrorism Act. He died in custody, on 12 Sept 1977.


Scope and content/abstract:

Photocopy of text of speech by B S (Steve) Biko, South African Students' Organization, 'White Racism and Black Consciousness' at First Inter-University Worksho on Students and Youth in South Africa, Jan 1971, at Bailey Institute of Inter-racial studies, University of Cape Town.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Single item.

Conditions governing access:

Open although advance notice should be given.

Conditions governing reproduction:

A photocopying service is provided at the discretion of the Library Staff. Copies are supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be made to the Information Resources Manager.

Finding aids:


Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

The source of acquisition by ICS is not known.

Allied Materials

Related material:

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Compiled by Alan Kucia as part of the RSLP AIM25 Project.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Oct 2001

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