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Lenwood, Frank

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0102 CWM/LMS Home Personal Boxes 7-9
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies
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Full title: Lenwood, Frank
Date(s): c1870-1959
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 3 boxes
Name of creator(s): Lenwood | Frank | 1874-1934 | Congregational minister and missionary


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born in Sheffield, England, 1874; son of the Rev Walter Lenwood (1843-1918, formerly Peppercorn) and Charlotte (née Pye-Smith); brother of Dr Norah Bryson (1876-1947, medical missionary to Peking) and of Maida Leith (1881-1939, missionary to Madras); studied at Corpus Christi and Mansfield Colleges, Oxford; MA, University of Oxford; assistant minister at Queen Street, Wolverhampton, 1900-1901; tutor at Mansfield College, 1901-1906; married Gertrude Margaret Wilson (d 1971), 1903; visited London Missionary Society (LMS) mission stations in China and India, 1907-1908; ordained at Mansfield College, 1909; LMS missionary in Benares, 1909-1912; visited England on medical advice, 1912; foreign secretary of the LMS, 1912-1925; with his wife, visited India with a deputation from the LMS, 1913-1914; deputational visit to Australia, the South Seas and Papua, 1915-1916; visited India with an LMS deputation, 1922-1923; Honorary Director of the LMS, 1926; pastor of Greengate Congregational Church, Plaistow, 1926-1934; died in France following a climbing accident, 1934. For further information see Roger Wilson, Frank Lenwood (1936). Publications: Sermon preached ... before leaving for mission work ... at Benares (1909); Pastels from the Pacific (1917); Social Problems and the East: a Point of Honour (1919); Forces of the Spirit (1925); Modern Problems in the South Seas [1925]; W G Lawes: the scholar as pioneer [1926]; R K Evans [1928]; Jesus - Lord or Leader? (1930); Why all this Fuss about `Sweeps'? (1931); Gambling - why not? (1934).


Scope and content/abstract:

Correspondence and papers, c1870-1959, of and relating to Frank Lenwood, including papers and correspondence, c1870-1920, concerning his parents Walter and Charlotte Lenwood; his early essays and press cuttings about him, c1881-1910; letters to his parents and correspondence about his schooling, 1882-1895; letters received from various correspondents, 1893-1933; printed circulars and personal letters from Lenwood and his wife Gertrude from trips to London Missionary Society (LMS) missions in China, India, Benares, the South Seas and Papua, 1906-1916, 1922; letters to various correspondents on religious and personal matters, 1916-1934, including his connection with Greengate Congregational Church; notebooks relating to preaching, 1926-1934 and undated; working papers on the `Oxford Group' movement, c1931-1933; copies of his articles and pamphlets, 1900-1933; copy of An order for the Solemnization of Matrimony ... with an order for the Burial of the Dead, undated, with annotations by Lenwood, 1900-1934 where dated; extracts from his diaries and letters, 1893-1935, for the use of his biographer, and reviews of the biography, 1936-1937; correspondence about the disposal of his books and papers, 1959.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids:

Unpublished handlist.

Archival Information

Archival history:

The papers were deposited with the London Missionary Society and form part of the special series of personal papers of individual LMS missionaries and officers.

Immediate source of acquisition:

Deposited on permanent loan with the records of the London Missionary Society by the Congregational Council for World Mission (later Council for World Mission) in 1973.

Allied Materials

Related material:

The School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) holds the records of the London Missionary Society (Ref: CWM/LMS), which include Lenwood's candidate's papers (Ref: CWM/LMS Candidates' Papers Box 21 No 7); papers concerning Lenwood's deputational visit to the South Seas and Papua, including copies of his letters, 1898-1916 (Ref: CWM/LMS South Seas Miscellaneous Boxes 8-10); reports by Lenwood, 1921, 1923 (Ref: CWM/LMS Central Africa Reports Box 5 Files 38, 40); copy letter by Lenwood [1924] (Ref: CWM/LMS South China Reports Box 6 File 59); photographs taken by Lenwood in the Cook Islands (Ref: CWM/LMS South Seas Photographs Box 5 File 25); group photograph including Lenwood, 1914 (Ref: CWM/LMS Home Photographs Box 1 File 2); group photograph including Lenwood in India (Ref: CWM/LMS India Photographs Box 5 File 23); head and shoulders photograph of Lenwood (Ref: CWM/LMS General Portraits Box 3); tributes by members of the Board of Directors of the London Missionary Society to Lenwood, 1934 (Ref: CWM/LMS Home Miscellaneous Box 14/5); and obituaries, 1934 (Ref: CWM/LMS Home Personal Box 5/5). SOAS also holds correspondence of Lenwood dating from 1919-1929 (Ref: IMC/CBMS Box 512 File 3) and 1921-1923, 1925 (Ref: IMC/CBMS India Archive Box 393 File 5; ibid Box 419 File 10); papers of James Trenchard Hardyman, including undated information on Lenwood (Ref: PP MS 63 Box 58 File 104).

Dr Williams's Library, London, holds correspondence and papers of Lenwood, 1923-1934 (Ref: 24.164-67).

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Compiled by Rachel Kemsley as part of the RSLP AIM25 project. Sources: LMS Register of Missionaries, ed James Sibree; National Register of Archives; British Library OPAC.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Feb 2002

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