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NIGHTINGALE, Florence (1820-1910)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0405 X102
Held at: St Bartholomew's Hospital
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Full title: NIGHTINGALE, Florence (1820-1910)
Date(s): 1861
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 5 items
Name of creator(s): Nightingale | Florence | 1820-1910 | reformer of hospital nursing


Administrative/Biographical history:

Florence Nightinghale, born Florence, Italy, 1820; educated privately by her father; trained at the hospital and school of the Protestant Sisters of Mercy at Kaiserswerth in Germany, 1850; Superintendent of the Establishment for Gentlewomen during Illness, London, 1853-1854; appointed to oversee the introduction of female nurses into the military hospitals in Turkey during the Crimean War, by Sidney Herbert, Minister at War, 1854; took 38 nurses to the Barrack Hosptital in Scutari and organised army nursing, 1854-1856; public subscription organised for the Nightingale Fund, 1855; returned from the Crimea, 1856; campaigned for a Royal Commission to investigate the health of the British Army; established the Nightingale Training School for nurses at St Thomas' Hospital with public subscriptions, 1860; nurses were sent to staff hospitals in Britain and abroad and to establish nurse training schools on the 'Nightingale Model'; campaigned on the health of the Army in India and the state of Indian public health, development of irrigation and the system of land tenure; Fellow of the Statistical Society; advised and supported William Rathbone in the development of district nursing in Liverpool; campaigned to improve health standards, hospital planning and organisation, publishing 200 books, reports and pamphlets; awarded Royal Red Cross, 1883; Order of Merit, 1907; received Freedom of City of London, 1908; died, 1910.
Publications include: The Institution of Kaiserwerth on the Rhine, for the Practical Training of Deaconesses (printed by the inmates of the London Ragged Colonial Training School, London, 1851); Letters from Egypt (A & G A Spottiswoode, London, 1854); Notes on matters affecting the health, efficiency, and hospital administration of the British Army, founded chiefly on the experience of the late war (Harrison & Sons, London, 1858); Notes on Hospitals... with evidence given to the Royal Commissioners on the state of the Army in 1857 (John W Parker & Son, London, 1859); Notes on Nursing: what it is, and what it is not (London, [1860]); Deaconesses Work in Syria. Appeal on behalf of the Kaiserwerth Deaconesses' Orphanage at Beyrout [1862]; Observations on the Evidence contained in the Stational Reports submitted to her by the Royal Commission on the Sanitary State of the Army in India (Edward Stanford, London, 1863); How People May Live and Not Die in India (Emily Faithfull, London, 1863); Note on the Supposed Protection afforded against Venereal Disease, by recognizing Prostitution and putting it under Police Regulation [1863]; Suggestions on a System of Nursing for Hospitals in India (George E Eyre & William Spottiswoode, London, [1865]); Suggestions on the subject of Providing, Training, and Organizing Nurses for the Sick Poor in Workhouse Infirmaries [1867]; Introductory Notes on Lying-in Institutions. Together with a proposal for organising an Institution for training midwives, etc (London, 1871); Life or Death in India ... With an appendix on life or death by irrigation (London, 1874); On Trained Nursing for the Sick Poor (Spottiswoode & Co, London, 1876); Florence Nightingale to her Nurses: a selection from Miss Nightingale's addresses to probationers and nurses of the Nightingale School at St Thomas's Hospital Edited by Rosalind Nash (Macmillan & Co, London, 1914); Florence Nightingale at Harley Street: her reports to the governors of her nursing home, 1853-1854 (London, Dent, 1970).


Scope and content/abstract:

Correspondence of Florence Nightingale to Sir James Paget, 1861, relating to the surgical techniques used in England and France, hospital statistics and mortality rates, and proposals for nurse training, with examples of rules, timetables and other forms used at the Nightingale School, St Thomas's Hospital.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The records are arranged as outlined in the scope and content.

Conditions governing access:

Researchers wishing to consult the archives should first contact the Archivist, St Bartholomew's Hospital, for an appointment.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Photocopying is not permitted. However, single sheets dated after 1850 may be photocopied at the discretion of the Archivist. Photographs of items are obtainable, subject to copyright regulations, from the Department of Medical Illustration at St Bartholomew's Hospital. Arrangements can be made via the Archivist. Outside photographers and researchers' own cameras are not permitted.

Finding aids:

A list in card index form is available at St Bartholomew's Hospital Archives.

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Allied Materials

Related material:

An inkstand inscribed 'James Paget FRS from Florence Nightingale in grateful acknowledgment of most kind assistance, September 1859' is held by St Bartholomew's Hospital Museum and Archives.

Papers of Florence Nightingale are held by the British Library (Manuscript and India Office collections); London Metropolitan Archives; Claydon House, Middle Claydon; Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine; Woodward Biomedical Library, University of British Columbia; Women's Library, London Guildhall University; Bodleian Library, Oxford University; Hampshire Record Office; West Yorkshire Archive Service, Leeds; University College London (UCL) Manuscripts Room; Royal British Nurses' Association; Derbyshire Record Office; Trinity College Library, Cambridge University; Balliol College Library, Oxford University; British Red Cross Museum and Archives; Royal London Hospital Archives and Museum; Pitts Theology Library, Emory University; Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland; National Library of Ireland; Nottingham University Library; National Archives of Scotland; Wiltshire and Swindon Record Office; National Army Museum; Liverpool Record Office and Local History Service; University of Wales Bangor, Department of Manuscripts and Archives; St Thomas's Hospital Medical School Library; Robinson Library, Newcastle upon Tyne University; Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies; Anglesey County Record Office; Clendening History of Medicine Library, University of Kansas. Further details held by the National Register of Archives, Historical Manuscripts Commission.

National Register of Archives: Click here to view NRA record

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Sources: Who's Who 1897-1996 CD-ROM (A & C Black); Florence Nightingale Museum Trust:; Historical Manuscripts Commission On-line National Register of Archives; British Library Public On-line catalogue. Compiled by Julie Tancell as part of the RSLP AIM25 project.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
May 2002

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