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SHELDON, John (1752-1808)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0100 TH/PP55
Held at: King's College London College Archives
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Full title: SHELDON, John (1752-1808)
Date(s): [1770, 1788]
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 4 volumes
Name of creator(s): Sheldon | John | 1752-1808 | anatomist
Monro | Alexander | 1733-1817 | anatomist


Administrative/Biographical history:

John Sheldon: 1752-1808; ran a private anatomical school in Great Queen Street, London, 1777-1788; Professor of Anatomy to the Royal Academy, 1782; Fellow of the Royal Society, 1784; surgeon to Westminster Hospital, 1786; reputed to be the first Englishman to make a balloon ascent.

Alexander Monro: born, Edinburgh, 1733; educated at the school of Mr Mundell; University of Edinburgh, 1752; Professor of Anatomy and Surgery as coadjutor to his father, Alexander Monro, 1755; graduated, MD, 1755; went to London and attended William Hunter's lectures, and after to Paris, Leyden, and Berlin; matriculated, Leyden University, 1757; worked under the anatomist Professor Meckel in Berlin; returned to Edinburgh, 1758; Fellow, College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 1759; Secretary, Philosophical Society of Edinburgh; gave a full course of lectures every year, 1759-1800; stopped lecturing, 1808; died, 1817.
Publications include: Essays and heads of lectures on Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, and Surgery (Edinburgh, 1840); Dissertatio ... de testibus et de semine in variis animalibus, etc (Edinburgi, 1755); Observations, anatomical and physiological, wherein Dr Hunter's claim to some discoveries is examined. With figures (Edinburgh, 1758); De venis lymphaticis valvulosis et de earum in primis origine (Berolini, 1760); A State of Facts concerning the first proposal of performing the paracentesis of the thorax, ... and concerning the discovery of the lymphatic valvular absorbent system of vessels, in oviparous animals (Edinburgh, 1770); A short description of the human muscles; chiefly as they appear on dissection. Together with their several uses, and the synonyma of the best authors John Innes Second edition improved by A Monro (Edinburgh, 1778); Observations on the structure and functions of the Nervous System, etc (Edinburgh, 1783); The Structure and Physiology of Fishes explained, and compared with those of Man and other animals (Edinburgh, 1785); Experiments on the Nervous System, with opium and metalline substances; made chiefly with the view of determining the nature and effects of Animal Electricity (Edinburgh, 1793).

John Sheldon: 1752-1808; ran a private anatomical school in Great Queen Street, London, 1777-1788; Professor of Anatomy to the Royal Academy, 1782; FRS 1784; surgeon to Westminster Hospital, 1786; reputed to be the first Englishman to make a balloon ascent.


Scope and content/abstract:

John Sheldon's notes on lectures by Alexander Monro on anatomy and surgery, delivered at Edinburgh [1770].

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The volumes are arranged as outlined in the Scope and Content.

Conditions governing access:

Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Director of Archives and Corporate Records Services.

Finding aids:

Detailed catalogue

Archival Information

Archival history:

The volumes of lecture notes on anatomy and surgery by John Sheldon, [1770], contain bookplates indicating they were once owned by the Joshua Brookes' Theatre of Anatomy, Blenheim Street. The second and third volumes also contains a book plates of the anatomist John Sheldon, (1752-1808). The Library of Brookes' Theatre of Anatomy was acquired by St Thomas' Hospital Library. Bookes (1761-1833) had studied under the anatomist Sheldon.

Immediate source of acquisition:

Transferred from St Thomas's Hospital Medical School, 2002.

Allied Materials

Related material:

Papers, 1759-1811, held by the University of Otago Medical Library; medical manuscripts, held by Exeter Cathedral Archives; lecture notes, 1778-1800 (reference: RAMC) and lecture notes (reference: MSS 3618-20, 5589) held by the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine treatises and lecture notes, held by Royal College of Surgeons of England; lecture notes and correspondence, 1758-1809, held by the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (reference: Monro); lecture notes (2 vols), 1781-1792, held by the University of Kansas, Clendening History of Medicine Library; lecture notes held by Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections (reference: Dc 5 130, 7 117, 8 150-53, 10 13; Dk 3 35-41 52, 4 24-25, 5 7 129; Gen 569-76 579; Vet Lib MSS 1-2; lecture notes, held by Osler Library, McGill University, Montreal.

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Sources: Dictionary of National Biography CD-ROM (Oxford University Press, 1995); Historical Manuscripts Commission On-line National Register of Archives; British Library Public On-line catalogue; Catalogue of the Printed Books and Manuscripts in the Library of St Thomas's Hospital Medical School (1491-1900) D T Bird (London, 1984). Compiled by Julie Tancell as part of the RSLP AIM25 project.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
April 2002

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