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STANLEY, Sir Henry Morton (1841-1904)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0402 HMS
Held at: Royal Geographical Society
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Full title: STANLEY, Sir Henry Morton (1841-1904)
Date(s): 1871-1936
Level of description: Collection level
Extent: 6 boxes
Name of creator(s): Stanley | Sir | Henry Morton | 1841-1904 | Knight | explorer, author and journalist x Rowlands | John


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born John Rowlands, Wales, 1841; St Asaph Workhouse, 1847-1856; ran away to sea, 1858, and landed in New Orleans, here he changed his name to Henry Morton Stanley; joined the Confererate Army, 1861; enlisted in the Union Army; served as a clerk at the frigate Minnesota, 1864; worked as a free-lance journalist; newspaper correspondent, Turkey and Asia Minor; special correspondent for the New York Herald, 1867-1868; expedition to East Africa to find Livingstone, 1871; Royal Geographical Society (RGS), Patron's Medal, 1872; expedition to central Africa, 1874-1877; Honorary Fellow of the RGS, 1878-1904; lecturing tour in the United States, 1886; led the relief expedition in search of Emin Pasha, 1886-1890; sat in Parliament, 1895-1900; died, 1904.


Scope and content/abstract:

Correspondence, newspaper cuttings and papers of Sir Henry Morton Stanley, 1871-1936, including papers relating to Stanley in the period prior to his return from Africa, 1884; correspondence of Stanley and Lady Stanley with correspondents including the Royal Geographical Society, 1878-1909, Henry Wellcome, 1885-1909; Mr and Mrs French Sheldon, 1884-1891 and Herbert Ward, 1889-1895; papers relating to the Emin Pasha Relief expedition; personal papers; papers relating to the American Testimonial Banquet, 1890, including committee minutes, correspondence and printed material; press cuttings, 1885-1933; papers relating to a Livingstone Memorial, 1894-1901 and papers relating to the death, funeral and biographies of Stanley.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

Arranged in 14 sections as outlined in the detailed catalogue.

Conditions governing access:

Open by appointment only, subject to completion of application form. Non-Fellows require a letter of reference.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Photocopying at the discretion of the Archivist, and subject to completion of 'application for copies' form. No reproduction or publication without permission of the RGS-IBG Archivist.

Finding aids:

Detailed catalogue available in the Foyle Reading Room.

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Much of the material was presented to the Society by the Wellcome Foundation in 1936.

Allied Materials

Related material:

RGS Archives - Correspondence Blocks 1911-20 Letters from Lady Stanley and others about Stanley relics. Letters to J Scott Keltie, one letter from Stanley 27 Oct 1888.

National Register of Archives: Click here to view NRA record

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Prepared by Michael Cronin, Archives Volunteer using existing finding aids. Revised by Sarah Drewery.
Sources: Obit The Geographical Journal, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Jul., 1904), pp. 103-106.

Rules or conventions:
ISAD(G) Ed. 2, name authority NRA.

Date(s) of descriptions:
8th March 2001. May 2008.

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