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YOUNGHUSBAND, Sir Francis Edward (1863-1942) and Sir George John (1859-1944)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0402 GFY
Held at: Royal Geographical Society
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Full title: YOUNGHUSBAND, Sir Francis Edward (1863-1942) and Sir George John (1859-1944)
Date(s): 1884-1981
Level of description: collection
Extent: 1 box
Name of creator(s): Younghusband | Sir | Francis Edward | 1863-1942 | Knight | soldier
Younghusband | Sir | George John | 1859-1944 | Knight | Major General


Administrative/Biographical history:

Sir Francis Edward Younghusband was born, 1863; educated Clifton College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned in the 1st (King's) dragoon guards, 1882; stationed at Meerut, India, 1882; travelled through Manchuria with Evan James; spent seven months crossing the Gobi Desert to Hami, and over the Himalaya via Kashgar and the Muztagh Pass to Kashmir, 1887; Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS), 1886-1942, lectured there and received the Founder's Medal, 1887; trekked in the border zones of British India, Russia, China, and Afghanistan, 1889-1891; political officer in Hunza, Aug 1892; political agent in Chitral, 1893-1894; Times correspondent with the Chitral relief force, 1895; Times correspondent in Rhodesia and Transvaal, 1895-1897; returned to India, 1898; political agent at Deoli, 1899; resident in Indore, 1902; leader of a mission to Tibet to establish British political and commercial interest, and to survey the region, 1903-1904; returned to central Asia as resident in Kashmir, 1906; retired to England where he joined the Conservative general election campaign, 1910; chair of the Mount Everest committee formed by the RGS, and president, 1919-1922; founder and later vice-president of the Royal Central Asian Society, 1934-1942; chairman of the India Society; died 1942.

Sir George John Younghusband was born 1859; joined Army 1878; Afghanistan 1879-1880; Sudan 1885; North West Frontier, India 1886; Burma 1886-1887; Chitral Relief Force 1895; Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, 1897-1928; Spanish-American War, Philippines 1898; South African War 1899-1902; Mohmand expedition, North West Frontier, India 1908; Staff College 1911; World War One, 1914-1917; Div Commander, Indian Army 1916; retired 1917; died, 1944.


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Sir Francis Younghusband and Sir George Younghusband, 1884-1981, including papers relating to the travels of Sir Francis Younghusband including his copy of 'Hints to Travellers'; two volumes of his travel journal, 'Kashmir to Sinkiang'; 'Leh to Yarkand and Khain to Akzai'; illustrated notebook kept by Sir George of his journey in Burma, 1887; correspondence and press cuttings.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

7 files, unstructured, from various sources, relate to Sir Francis Younghusband, the eighth file, number 5, is about Sir George.

Conditions governing access:

Accessed via the Foyle Reading Room. Free of charge for Fellows, Members and those with valid academic identification. All other users pay a charge and must bring identification in order to register on arrival.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Photocopying at Archivist's discretion and subject to completion of a relevant application form. No reproduction or publication without permission of the RGS-IBG Archivist.

Finding aids:

Summary guide online. Handlist in the Foyle reading room.

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Some items bequeathed by Dame Eileen Younghusband, daughter of Francis.

Allied Materials

Related material:

RGS Archives: Correspondence Blocks 1881-1910, 1911-20, 1921-30, 1931-40 & 1941-46, Younghusband, F. Jnl. Mss.: India 1895, 1905, 1917, 1926; Central Asia 1892; Misc. 1919, 1920.

Sir Francis Younghusband:
British Library Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections: MSS Eur R 197; Eur F 157; letters to Sir James Dunlop Smith, 1904-20 in MSS Eur D 686.
Cambridge University Library Department of Manuscripts Add 7676/P, letters to Sir Martin Conway, 1892-1932; correspondence with Lord Hardinge, 1910-1913 in the Hardinge collection.
Manchester University, John Rylands Library letters to the Manchester Guardian, 1940-1942.
Oxford University Bodleain Library Special Collections: letters to Gilbert Murray, 1915-1944 in MSS Gilbert Murray; letters to Sir Horace Rumbold, 1905-1933 in Rumbold Dep 12, 40.

Sir George Younghusband: Society of Antiquaries, London, correspondence relating to regalia, 1918-1937, ref. MSS 950/1
Cambridge University Library Manuscripts Hardinge Collection: correspondence.

National Register of Archives: Click here to view NRA record

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Prepared by an archives volunteer using existing typed index. Revised by Sarah Drewery.
Sources: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography; Obit.: The Geographical Journal, Vol. 100, No. 3 (September 1942), pp 131-137.

Rules or conventions:
ISAD(G) ed. 2, name authority NRA.

Date(s) of descriptions:
October 2000; May 2008

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