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SCLATER, Gen Sir Henry Crichton (1855-1923)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0099 KCLMA Sclater
Held at: Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London
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Full title: SCLATER, Gen Sir Henry Crichton (1855-1923)
Date(s): Created 1898-1927
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: box or 0.005 cubic metres
Name of creator(s):


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born 1855; educated at Cheltenham; commissioned into the Royal Artillery, 1875; Capt, 1883; served as Staff Officer and Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Nile Expedition, Sudan, 1884-1885; Brevet Maj, 1885; Egyptian Frontier Field Force, 1885-1886; Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Cairo, Egypt, 1885-1890; Maj, 1891; Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Royal Artillery, Headquarters, Ireland, 1892-1895; Deputy Assistant Inspector General of the Ordnance, War Office, 1895-1898; Bde Maj, Aldershot, 1898-1899; Second Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902; Staff Officer, Royal Artillery, South Africa, 1899-1900; Assistant Adjutant General, Royal Artillery and Col on Staff, Royal Artillery, South Africa, 1900-1902; Lt Col, 1900; Brevet Col, 1900; awarded CB, 1902; Col, 1902; Deputy Director General of the Ordnance, 1902-1904; Director of Artillery, War Office, 1904; Quartermaster General, India, 1904-1908; Maj Gen, 1906; General Officer Commanding Quetta Div, India, 1908-1912; Lt Gen, 1911; created KCB, 1913; served in World War One, 1914-1918; Adjutant General to the Forces and Member of Army Council, 1914-1916; appointed GCB, 1916; General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command, 1916-1919; Gen, 1919; appointed GBE, 1919; retired 1922; died 1923.


Scope and content/abstract:

Photocopies of correspondence and photographs, taken from five albums, relating to Sclater's career, 1898-1927, including letter from FM Sir (Henry) Evelyn Wood, Adjutant General to the Forces, confirming Sclater's appointment as Bde Maj, Aldershot, 1898; seventeen copies of photographs and nine sketch maps relating to the Second Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902, including photographs of Bloemfontein and Brandfort, Orange Free State, and sketch maps of the Battles of Modder River, Nov 1899 and Paardeberg Drift, Feb 1900; two photographs of the 13 pounder Quick Fire gun, newly issued to the Royal Horse Artillery, 1904; letter from Lt Col Rt Hon Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham, thanking Sclater for congratulatory letter on the award of a peerage to Stamfordham, 1911; three photographs of Indian Army sepoys, 1912; correspondence, 1912- 1917, including letters relating to recruitment, military inspections and the availability of manpower from FM Sir John Denton Pinkstone French, Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces, Feb 1917, Gen Sir (Henry Macleod) Leslie Rundle, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Command, Feb-May 1916, and Lt Gen Sir (Cecil Frederick) Nevil Macready, Adjutant General to the Forces, Jul 1917; letter to Slater from Gen Sir (Francis) Reginald Wingate, relating to riots in Egypt, Jun 1920; letter to Sclater from Lt Gen Sir George Fletcher MacMunn, Quartermaster General, India, dated Jun 1921, relating to the political and military situation in India, particularly in the aftermath of the massacre of 479 Indian civilians by troops of the Indian Army, commanded by Brig Gen Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, Amritsar, Punjab, Apr 1919; printed obituary of Sclater [1927].

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The collection is arranged chronologically.

Conditions governing access:

Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Finding aids:

Summary guide entry on-line at

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Copies made by the Centre from originals loaned by the family in 1982.

Allied Materials

Related material:

The papers of Lt Gen Sir Lawrence Worthington Parsons include correspondence with Sclater relating to Parson's replacement as General Officer Commanding 16 Irish Div, 1916 (Ref: Parsons). Scrapbooks relating to Sclater's career, 1894-1927, are held privately.

National Register of Archives: Click here to view NRA record

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:

Date(s) of descriptions:
Jan 1999

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