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JENNER, Edward (1775-1849)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0114 MS0016
Held at: Royal College of Surgeons of England
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Full title: JENNER, Edward (1775-1849)
Date(s): [1798-1819]
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 1 volume, 1 folder
Name of creator(s): Jenner | Edward | 1749-1823 | physician and naturalist
Detailed catalogue: Click here to view repository detailed catalogue


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, 1749; educated at private schools at Wootton-under-Edge and Cirencester; apprenticed to Daniel Ludlow of Sodbury, a surgeon; pupil-resident in the house of John Hunter, 1770-1772; employed by Sir Joseph Banks to prepare specimens from Captain Cook's voyage; studied at St George's Hospital; practiced at Berkeley, 1773; continued to correspond with John Hunter on many subjects; member of medical societies at Rodborough and Alveston, reading papers on medical subjects and natural history; Fellow, Royal Society, 1788; MD, University of St Andrew's, 1792; continued his investigations into cow pox and small pox; vaccinated a boy James Phipps with cow pox and then small pox, who contracted cow pox but not small pox, 1796; published An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variolæ vaccinæ, a disease discovered in some of the Western Counties of England ... known by the name of the cow pox, 1798; sent cow pox material throughout England and abroad for vaccinations; vaccinated nearly 200 people at Petworth, Sussex, 1800; granted £10,000 by Parliament in recognition of his work, 1802; Royal Jennerian Society established to promote spread of vaccination in London, 1802; replaced by the National Vaccine Establishment, 1808; continued to work and publish on vaccination; died, 1823, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
Publications include: Cursory observations on Emetic Tartar [1780?]; An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variolæ vaccinæ, a disease discovered in some of the Western Counties of England ... known by the name of the cow pox (Printed for the author: London, 1798); Further observations on the Variolæ Vaccinæ or Cow Pox (London, 1799); A comparative Statement of facts and observations relative to the cow-pox with Dr Woodville (London, 1800); The origin of the Vaccine Inoculation (London, 1801); On the varieties and modifications of the vaccine pustule, occasioned by an herpetic state of the skin (Cheltenham, 1806; Gloucester reprinted, 1819); Facts for the most part unobserved, or not duly noticed, respecting variolous contagion (London, 1808); Letter from E. J. to W. Dillwyn on the effects of vaccination, in preserving from the small-pox. To which are added sundry documents relating to vaccination, etc (Philadelphia, 1818); A letter to C. H. Parry, M.D., ... on the influence of Artificial Eruptions in certain diseases. ... With an inquiry respecting the probable advantages to be derived from further experiments (London, 1822); The Note-Book of Edward Jenner in the possession of the Royal College of Physicians of London (Oxford University Press, London, 1931).


Scope and content/abstract:

Papers of Edward Jenner, [1798-1819], comprising draft of his paper on cow pox, [1798]; letter to his son R F Jenner, 1819; papers including fragments of his journal and verses; letters from Jenner, [1796-1823], to various correspondents including Mr E Gardner of Frampton, including account of his inoculation of James Phipps, 1796, and to John Baron; letters to Jenner, 1801-1819, including from E Gardner, Sydney Smith; letters to John Baron, 1823-1829, including from G C Jenner.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The records are arranged as outlined in the scope and content.

Conditions governing access:

Open to bona fide researchers by written appointment.

Conditions governing reproduction:

At the discretion of the Librarian.

Finding aids:

Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (1928) by Victor G Plarr.

Archival Information

Archival history:

Most of the papers were collected and bequeathed to John Baron, (1786-1851) the friend and biographer of Edward Jenner.

Immediate source of acquisition:

Please see the Royal College of Surgeons catalogue for details

Allied Materials

Related material:

The Royal College of Surgeons of England also holds correspondence between Jenner and Hunter, (Reference: Hunter-Jenner letters).

Correspondence and papers, 1772-1823, are held by the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine (Reference: MSS 3014-28); papers (64 items), 1800-1822, held by the Duke University Medical Library, North Carolina, USA; diary and papers, 1787-1821, held by the Royal College of Physicians of London (Reference: MS 372); correspondence, diary and papers (Reference: D18/659) and letters to TGB Estcourt, 1805-1809 (Reference: D1571) held by Gloucestershire Record Office; papers, 1790, held by McGill University: Osler Library, Montreal, Canada; observations on the cuckoo, 1787, held by the Royal Society; letters, held by the Jenner Museum (Reference: MGC); letters (18) to AJC Marcet held by the Royal Society of Medicine; letters (c100), 1787-1822, held by Johns Hopkins University Libraries; correspondence and papers (transcripts), 1788-1823, held by the University of Michigan: William L Clements Library.

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Sources: Dictionary of National Biography (Smith, Elder and Co, London, 1895); Historical Manuscripts Commission On-line National Register of Archives; British Library Public On-line Catalogue. Compiled by Julie Tancell as part of the RSLP AIM25 project.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal Place and Corporate Names 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
November 2002

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