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JOFFÉ, (Emile) George (Howard) (b 1940)

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0099 KCLMA Joffé
Held at: Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London
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Full title: JOFFÉ, (Emile) George (Howard) (b 1940)
Date(s): Created, 1959-1993
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 236 boxes
Name of creator(s): Joffé | (Emile) George (Howard) | b 1940 | academic and strategic analyst


Administrative/Biographical history:

Born 1940; BA Chemistry from Cambridge, 1964; MA Area Studies, University of London, 1975; has since worked as a freelance writer, broadcaster and analyst, and has taught at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, University of Southampton, and Sussex University during the 1980s and 1990s; Editor for the Middle East section of the Economist Intelligence Unit, 1983-1986; work for Menas (Middle East and North African Studies Press) Ltd, throughout 1980s; Deputy Director and Director of Studies, Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House, 1997-2000; founder and currently an editor of the Journal of North African Studies, 1996 to present; currently Visiting Fellow at the Centre for International Affairs, University of Cambridge, Visiting Research Fellow at the London School of Economics (LSE), Visiting Professor of Geography, King's College Cambridge; expert on political, economic and strategic affairs in North Africa and the Middle East and a regular contributor to newspapers and broadcast news and an expert witness called upon to provide evidence at the International Court of Justice in The Hague.

Publications include: The Gulf War. A survey of political issues and economic consequences (London, 1984); Iran and Iraq. Building on the stalemate (London, 1988); Bankrupting the Gulf. The economic consequences of the United Nations' war against Iraq on the Arab Gulf States (London, 1991); also edited Beyond the Middle East conflict. A future for federalism? (London, 1985); North Africa. Nation, state, and region (London, 1993); Tribe and state. Essays in honour of David Montgomery Hart (Wisbech, 1991); Security challenges in the Mediterranean region (London, 1995); Chad (Oxford, 1995); The Barcelona process. Building a Euro-Mediterranean regional community (London, 2000); The Middle East and North Africa 1984. Published by the Economist Intelligence Unit (London, 1984); Morocco and Europe. Papers of a conference entitled "Moroccan relations with Europe: past, present and future" (London, 1989).


Scope and content/abstract:

Comprising copies of journals, maps, newspaper cuttings and supporting printed literature relating to politics, trade, international development and relations between nations in North Africa and the Middle East, 1959-1993; notably including personal papers and notes compiled by George Joffé for Menas (Middle East and North African Studies Press) Ltd, and in the course of his work as a journalist, principally correspondence with publishers, consultants and experts in the oil industry relating to legal action over disputed damages estimates, 1978-1986, papers on Project Profile Ltd, a consultancy company established in 1982; cuttings and typescript articles and lecture texts by Joffé mainly on Morocco and North Africa delivered to the African History seminar at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London, and Institute of Commonwealth Studies, 1976-1977 (Ref: Joffé 1/1-3); research papers compiled for Menas, mainly correspondence with experts on the various arbitration and court proceedings between international oil companies and national governments with which Menas was involved, including on Iran, the Iranian oil industry, economy, borders and politics, 1966-1993, Libya and Malta and the 'Continental Shelf Case', 1983-1990, Saudi Arabia and Yemeni border issues, 1991, disputes concerning international water resources, 1982-1986, cost analysis, accounting standards and background articles on the Khemco and Phillips oil cases, 1985-1988, notes on Morocco including offprints, press cuttings, national economic statistics and statistics of neighbouring countries in North Africa, 1974-1988 (Ref: Joffé 2/1-8); typescript court reports, claimants' and respondents' submissions, evaluations, expert testimony and supporting evidence in a number of international disputes aired at the Iran-US Claims Tribunal, The Hague, Netherlands, and International Chamber of Commerce Arbitration, concerning several major international oil companies or local subsidiaries including Phillips Petroleum, Amoco, Mobil Oil, Arco, Gatoil, Lapco and Khemco in their claims against Iran, 1983-1989, the Saudi Arabia-Yemen boundary dispute, 1991-1992, Mobil Oil Libya v Libya, 1982-1986, Libya-Malta Continental Shelf Case with extracts from numerous Maltese parliamentary papers and Mediterranean geological studies, 1966-1983 (Ref: Joffé 3/1-14); Menas publications, notably on Iran, Libya, Morocco, international boundaries and water resources, 1979-1991 (Ref: Joffé 4); on the politics, economies and international relations of numerous North African or Middle Eastern countries and regions including Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Europe, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Middle East, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Turkey, and on various topics such as oil, Islam and the Salman Rushdie affair, 1980-1989 (Ref: Joffé 5/1-4); Economist Intelligence Unit publications, mainly Special Reports on countries, industries, trends and energy reviews, 1983-1993 (Ref: Joffé 6/1-3); copies of various journals and periodicals including International Affairs, 1980-1986, The Middle East Journal, 1980-1987, Third World Quarterly, 1981-1984, 1986-1987, Cedies informations, 1983-1987, Middle East Business Weekly, 1985-1990, Middle East Economic Survey, 1987-1989 (Ref: Joffé 7); statistical publications on various Middle East and African countries including Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Morocco, company reports, OPEC reports, 1959-1990 (Ref: Joffé 8/1-5); copies of maps, mainly topographical and geological, of Iran, [1950-1985] (Ref: Joffé 9); diverse bibliographies including on Afghanistan, uranium, Africa and the International Court of Justice, 1979-1980 (Ref:Joffé 10); copies of archival documents used in research undertaken by Menas and in court and arbitration proceedings, employed to establish historical precedents and resolve boundary disputes, on Malta, including copies of documents in the Archives of the Knights of St John, Public Record Office (PRO), London, and the State Archives in Venice, in Italian, French and English, [1728-1950], Israel-Jordan water resources mainly from the US National Archives' Eric Johnson manuscripts, Public Record Office (PRO) Colonial Office and Foreign Office documents on the same subject, 1876-1959], Saudi Arabia-Yemen territorial dispute copies of diplomatic records from the Public Record Office, India Office and Ottoman Archives, Istanbul, [1890-1930], copies of treaties mainly on the Mediterranean and Morocco, in French, [1761-1985], Libya disputes with Chad and Malta, French plans for Libya and the former Italian colonies, including PRO Foreign Office 371 and 146, and the Rennell papers, Nuffield College, Oxford, [1883-1991], Iraq-Kuwait territorial claims including PRO Foreign Office 371 documents and India Office papers, [1909-1956] (Ref: Joffé 11/1-6).

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:
English, French, Italian, German, Arabic

System of arrangement:

The collection is arranged into eleven categories as outlined above in the Scope and Content section.

Conditions governing access:

Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.

Finding aids:

Summary guide entry and catalogue are available online at, and available in hard copy in the Centre's reading room.

Archival Information

Archival history:

George Joffé accumulated the papers mainly in the course of his work for the Economist Intelligence Unit, Menas Ltd and at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, during the 1980s.

Immediate source of acquisition:

Gift of George Joffé to the Centre in 1999.

Allied Materials

Related material:

A complementary collection of supporting materials on Middle East politics, t

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:

Date(s) of descriptions:

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