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Archives in London and the M25 area

Jenner family and associated individuals

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0120 MSS.1180-1218, 1233, 2048-2069, 2802-2819, 3014-3072, 3587-3588, 3662-3663, 4220, 4257, 4302-4306, 4487-4489, 5222-5249 and 7966
Held at: Wellcome Library
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Full title: Jenner family and associated individuals
Date(s): 1680-1877
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 112 volumes, 53 files
Name of creator(s): Black family
Black | George Charles | 1723-1775
Black | Mary | 1730-1810
Davies | Anne | 1741-1812
Davies | William | 1741-1817
Davies | William | 1769-1849
Davies family
Head | Henry | 1664-1739
Jenner family
Jenner | Edward | 1749-1823 | surgeon and pioneer of smallpox vaccination
Jenner | Elizabeth | fl.1706
Jenner | Henry | 1737-1798
Jenner | Henry | 1767-1851
Jenner | Stephen | 1645-1727
Jenner | Stephen | 1702-1754
Jenner | Stephen | 1732-1797
Jenner | Thomas | 1687-1768
Jenner | George Charles | 1767-1846
London Vaccine Institution.
Mockler | Frederick
Murray | Charles | d.1847
National Vaccine Establishment
Royal Jennerian Society
Seely family
Seely | Elizabeth | d.1804
Seely | Robert | 1714-1759
Detailed catalogue: Click here to view repository detailed catalogue


Administrative/Biographical history:

Edward Jenner was born, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, 1749; educated at private schools at Wootton-under-Edge and Cirencester; apprenticed to Daniel Ludlow of Sodbury, a surgeon; pupil-resident in the house of John Hunter, 1770-1772; employed by Sir Joseph Banks to prepare specimens from Captain Cook's voyage; studied at St George's Hospital; practiced at Berkeley, 1773; continued to correspond with John Hunter on many subjects; member of medical societies at Rodborough and Alveston, reading papers on medical subjects and natural history; Fellow, Royal Society, 1788; MD, University of St Andrew's, 1792; continued his investigations into cow pox and small pox; vaccinated a boy James Phipps with cow pox and then small pox, who contracted cow pox but not small pox, 1796; published An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variolæ vaccinæ, a disease discovered in some of the Western Counties of England ... known by the name of the cow pox, 1798; sent cow pox material throughout England and abroad for vaccinations; vaccinated nearly 200 people at Petworth, Sussex, 1800; granted £10,000 by Parliament in recognition of his work, 1802; Royal Jennerian Society established to promote spread of vaccination in London, 1802; replaced by the National Vaccine Establishment, 1808; continued to work and publish on vaccination; died, 1823, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
Publications include: Cursory observations on Emetic Tartar [1780?]; An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variolæ vaccinæ, a disease discovered in some of the Western Counties of England ... known by the name of the cow pox (Printed for the author: London, 1798); Further observations on the Variolæ Vaccinæ or Cow Pox (London, 1799); A comparative Statement of facts and observations relative to the cow-pox with Dr Woodville (London, 1800); The origin of the Vaccine Inoculation (London, 1801); On the varieties and modifications of the vaccine pustule, occasioned by an herpetic state of the skin (Cheltenham, 1806; Gloucester reprinted, 1819); Facts for the most part unobserved, or not duly noticed, respecting variolous contagion (London, 1808); Letter from E. J. to W. Dillwyn on the effects of vaccination, in preserving from the small-pox. To which are added sundry documents relating to vaccination, etc (Philadelphia, 1818); A letter to C. H. Parry, M.D., ... on the influence of Artificial Eruptions in certain diseases. ... With an inquiry respecting the probable advantages to be derived from further experiments (London, 1822); The Note-Book of Edward Jenner in the possession of the Royal College of Physicians of London (Oxford University Press, London, 1931).


Scope and content/abstract:

The collection comprises correspondence, writings and administrative material relating to the Jenner family, particularly Dr. Edward Jenner (pioneer of smallpox vaccination) and the associated Black and Davies families, 1680-1877.

The material on Edward Jenner includes papers relating to organisations set up in the aftermath of his vaccination discoveries: the National Vaccine Establishment, the Royal Jennerian Society and the London Vaccine Institution.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The collection is arranged as follows: MSS.1180-1218, 1233 and 5226 relate to the Reverend George Charles Black and his wife Mary (née Jenner), sister of Edward Jenner. MSS.2048-2051 and 5229 relate to the Rev. William Davies (1741-1817), Edward Jenner's brother-in-law, and Anne Davies née Jenner (1741-1812). MSS.2052-2069 and 5230 relate to the Rev. William Davies (1769-1849), son of William Davies (1741-1817). MSS.2802-2819 relate to the Rev. Henry Head (1664-1739), grandfather of Dr. Edward Jenner. MSS.3014-3028, 3662-3663, 4220, 4257, 4302-4306, 5231-5242, 5244-5248 and, 7966 relate to Dr. Edward Jenner (1749-1823). Within this group of papers, MSS.3662-3663 relate to the National Vaccine Establishment, MSS.4257, 4302-4306 and 5246 to the Royal Jennerian Society, MSS.5244-5245 to Charles Murray and his work for the Royal Jennerian Society and the National Vaccine Establishment, and MSS.5247-5248 to the London Vaccine Institution. MSS.3029 relates to Elizabeth Jenner, whose relationship with other family members is unclear. MSS.3030, 3071-3072, 5222-5223, 5243 and 5249 comprise general Jenner family material. MS.3031 relates to Stephen Jenner (1645-1727) . MSS.3032-3038 and 5224 relate to the Reverend Stephen Jenner (1702-1754), the father of Dr. Edward Jenner. MSS.3039-3067 and 5225 relate to the Reverend Stephen Jenner (1732-1797), brother of Dr. Edward Jenner. MSS.3068-3070 relate to the Reverend Thomas Jenner. MSS.3587-3588 relate to Frederick Mockler's assembling of much of this Jenner material, comprising catalogue information. MSS.4487-4489 comprise Seely family material; Elizabeth Seely, an aunt of Dr. Edward Jenner, having married the Rev. Robert Seely of Berkshire. MS.5227 relates to the Reverend Henry Jenner (1737-1798) and Henry Jenner M.D. (1767-1851), respectively brother and nephew of Dr. Edward Jenner. MS.5228 relates to the Reverend George Charles Jenner, son of the Reverend Henry Jenner.

Conditions governing access:

The papers are available subject to the usual conditions of access to Archives and Manuscripts material, after the completion of a Reader's Undertaking.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Photocopies/photographs/microfilm are supplied for private research only at the Archivist's discretion. Please note that material may be unsuitable for copying on conservation grounds, and that photographs cannot be photocopied in any circumstances. Readers are restricted to 100 photocopies in twelve months. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner.

Finding aids:

Described in: S.A.J. Moorat, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts on Medicine and Science in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1962-1973); Richard Palmer, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine: Western Manuscripts 5120-6244 (London: The Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine, 1999); and typescript supplements to the above.

Archival Information

Archival history:

The majority of this material was formerly in the collection of Jenner papers assembled by Frederick Mockler. Catalogues of Mockler's collection form MSS.3587-3588.

Immediate source of acquisition:

The majority of this material, formerly part of the Mockler Collection, was purchased at Sotheby's, London, in November 1918 (acc.43215). Acquisition details for specific items are given on the record for that item.

Allied Materials

Related material:

In the Wellcome Library: MS.4717 comprises a record of lands rented from the Reverend William Davies (1741-1817). MS.7825/11-13 relate to Henry Jenner M.D.

Publication note:

Described in: Richard Palmer, "The Wellcome collection of papers relating to Edward Jenner", Medical History 1985, 29: 200-205; Richard Aspin, "Edward Jenner in the Wellcome Institute Library", Friends of the Wellcome Institute newsletter No. 10, June 1996.

Description Notes

Archivist's note:
Entry copied from Wellcome online catalogue by Sarah Drewery.

Rules or conventions:
Compiled in compliance with General International Standard Archival Description, ISAD(G), second edition, 2000; National Council on Archives Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997.

Date(s) of descriptions:
Aug 2008

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