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Buthelezi, Chief Mangosuthu Gatsha

Identity Statement

Reference code(s): GB 0102 MS 380143
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies
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Full title: Buthelezi, Chief Mangosuthu Gatsha
Date(s): Created 1970-1976
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent: 1 file
Name of creator(s): Buthelezi | Mangosutho Gatsha | b 1928 | Chief | South African politician


Administrative/Biographical history:

Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi was born on 27 August 1928, in what is now the province of Kwazulu-Natal. He was the son of Chief Mathole Buthelezi and Princess Magogo. He was educated at Fort Hare University. He joined the African National Congress (ANC) Youth League while attending college. In 1952 he married Irene Audrey Thandekile Mzila. In 1953 he became Chief of the Buthelezi tribe. He was involved in the administration of the Zulu people from 1953-1968. In 1976 he became the first Chief Minister of Kwazulu (the 'Bantustan' designated for Zulu people under the system of Apartheid). He also revived Inkatha Yenkululeko Yesizwe, the Zulu National Cultural Liberation Movement, as an anti-apartheid organisation, now the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP). In the 1980's tensions mounted between Inkatha and the ANC, and the early 1990's saw increasingly violent clashes between supporters of the two parties. Buthelezi was particularly opposed to the ANC's support for international sanctions against Apartheid. Inkatha boycotted the 1993 multiparty talks that wrote the new South African constitution, but participated in South Africa's first multiracial elections in 1994. In 1994, Buthelezi was appointed Minister of Home Affairs in the cabinet of President Nelson Mandela. In June 1999, Buthelezi declined a conditional offer by the South African President Elect Thabo Mbeki to be Deputy President. The post was offered in exchange for his party's surrender of leadership of Kwazulu-Natal province. It was decided to retain Buthelezi as Minister for Home Affairs when these negotiations collapsed.


Scope and content/abstract:

Typescripts of various speeches given by Chief Mangosutho Gatsha Buthelezi between June 1970 and October 1976.

Access & Use

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement:

The material has been arranged in chronological order.

Conditions governing access:


Conditions governing reproduction:

No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids:

Unpublished handlist for the South African Materials Project (SAMP) arranged by MS number. For an alphabetical listing of all SAMP materials (including material deposited at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies) refer to The South African Materials Project, compiled by Brian Willan, edited by Patricia M Larby (Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, London, 1980).

Archival Information

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

Donated as part of the Southern African Materials project 1973-1976, organised by the Centre for International and Area Studies.

Allied Materials

Related material:

The School of Oriental and African Studies holds papers of Christian Concern for Southern Africa, including South African Organisations files, Inkatha Movement/Chief Buthelezi, press cuttings 1976-1978 (Ref: CCSA, Box 13).

Publication note:

Description Notes

Archivist's note:

Rules or conventions:

Date(s) of descriptions:
15 May 2000

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